Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma

CMM is the most serious cutaneous malignancy and is increasing in frequency among most Caucasian populations, where the most important risk factor is exposure to ultraviolet light.97 Relatively little is known of the genetic factors that mediate susceptibility to and prognosis in sporadic CMM, although polymorphisms associated with the melanocortin-1 receptor (MCR1),98, CDKN2A,100 XRCC3 DNA repair gene101 and glutathione S-transferase Mu phenotype (GSTM1)102 may be associated with...

Role in Allergic Diseases

There is increasing evidence that IL-10 secretion may be defective in patients with asthma.1,47 Lower concentrations of IL-10 are found in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of asthmatic patients than in normal control subjects48 and there is a reduction in the number of macrophages expressing IL-10 in induced sputum.49 There is a reduced secretion of IL-10 from alveolar macrophages obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage from asthmatic patients compared to normal controls, and this is at the level of...

IL10 Expression in Psoriasis

Its considerable anti-inflammatory effects and its ability to act as a main suppresser of cellular immunity2 raises the question of the IL-10 expression under pathophysiological conditions, including in psoriasis. Immunohistochemical investigations suggested a low cutaneous IL-10 protein expression.3 Similar results were found by quantification of IL-10 protein in blister fluids.4 We found that the cutaneous IL-10 mRNA expression in psoriasis was significantly lower than in atopic dermatitis or...

Clinical Effects of IL10 Therapy in Psoriasis

The powerful immunomodulatory properties of IL-10 and the promising results from IL-10 delivery on the course of several inflammatory diseases in experimental models induced the interest on clinical application of recombinant human (rh) IL-10 (ilodecakin Tenovil Schering-Plough Corp., USA) After promising data from phase 1 trials in was used in several indications including in psoriasis. The first administration of human recombined IL-10 in human was performed in 1995.9 Overall, these studies...

IL10 as an Anticancer Agent in the Clinical Settings

The anticancer activity of IL-10 in animal models and in human observation suggested that IL-10 could be considered alone or in combination with other agents as an anti-cancer agent.2,7,8,24,25,43,53,74 For instance, an analysis of melanoma metastases suggested the IL-10 secretion by tumor cells is a strong predictor of immune responsiveness to the administration of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-2.43,53 In addition, human observations demonstrate that systemic administration of...

Interleukin10 and Human Cancer

Foreskin Lesions

The biological significance of IL-10 production by tumor cells has yet to be fully determined and maybe very much dependent on the type of tissue organ in which the tumor is developing. A summary of reported observation on IL-10 expression by human cancers is shown in Table 2. IL-10 is often identifiable in freshly excised human tumors including melanoma, ovarian, breast, renal cell, lung, skin, lymphoma, nasopharyngeal and esophageal can-cer.40-52 In the majority of the cases, IL-10 is over...

Cervical Cancer

Most high-grade cervical neoplasms have been shown to contain oncogenic human papil-loma virus HPV DNA, although only a small proportion of such cases progress to cervical cancer. Factors including genetic factors leading to impaired immune responses to HPV may play a role in determining susceptibility to the development of cervical cancer. In support of this, a number of studies have implicated particular HLA polymorphisms In particular, HLA-DQB1 03 alleles in conferring susceptibility to...

IL10 Promoter Polymorphisms and IL10 Production

Il10 Promoter

IL-10 production is regulated at the transcriptional level, and studies suggest that heritable genetic differences that associate with inter-individual differences in gene expression may differentially regulate IL-10 production.19-21 There is also evidence that suggests the existence of post-transcriptional regulation by RNA-destabilizing, AU-rich elements within the 3 -untranslated of IL-10 mRNA.22 Inter-individual differences in IL-10 production is heritable.23 First degree relatives of SLE...

Alzheimers Disease

Apoe Inflammation

The neurodegenerative inflammatory age-related disease, Alzheimer's disease AD , is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. It is a progressive neurological disease that results in the irreversible loss of neurons, particularly in the cortex and hippocampus. The pathological hallmarks are neuronal loss, extracellular senile plaques containing the peptide amyloid-beta Ap and neurofibrillary tangles the latter are composed of a hyperphosphorylated form of the microtubular protein tau....

Immunological Effects of IL10 Therapy in Psoriasis

Analysing the immunological effects of IL-10 therapy in psoriasis should lead to an better understanding of its antipsoriatic mode of action. It seems that IL-10 exerts its antipsoriatic activity by effects on different cell populations including T-cells and APCs as well as their mutual interaction. IL-10 is able to suppress the APC activity of monocytes macrophages and the development of dendritic cells. In fact, depressed monocytic HLA-DR and CD86 expression as well as TNF-a and IL-12...