Preface page vii

1 Introduction and background 1

Basic terminology and related concepts 3

Senescence and aging 3

Longevity and life span 6

Evolutionary biology 9

History of research on senescence and longevity 12

Demographic perspectives on human longevity and life span 24

Chapter synopsis 33

2 Evolutionary and biological theories of senescence 34 Background 34 Evolutionary (ultimate) theories: the basis of senescence 37 Biological (proximate) theories: mechanisms/models of senescence 47

Chapter synopsis 69

3 Human variation: growth, development, life history, and senescence 71

Homeostasis 74

Growth and development 83

Life history 95

Chapter synopsis 127

4 Human variation: chronic diseases, risk factors, and senescence 131 Chronic degenerative conditions 132 Risk factors 136 Systems/integration 166 Variation in human life span 184 Chapter synopsis 196

5 Human life span and life extension 197 Life span 197 Non-human animal models 201 Applications to humans 208 Limits to human longevity? 218 Chapter synopsis 221

6 Discussion and perspectives 226

Human senescence 226

Sex differences in life span 234

Human senescence, health, and disease 236

Aging and senescence 237

Old age: uniquely human? 240

Theory in gerontology 243

Current research directions 246

Conclusion 247

References Index

Better Mind Better Life

Better Mind Better Life

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At A Better Life. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Better Living with Enhanced Mental Health.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment