Blood Pressure

Hypertension can occur for a variety of reasons, and essential hypertension represents a heterogeneous group of disorders. However, it is likely that ~50% patients with essential hypertension are insulin resistant and hyperinsulinemic. Furthermore, insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia is a powerful predictor of the development of high blood pressure, and normotensive, first-degree relatives of patients with high blood pressure, as a group, have been shown to be insulin resistant and hyperinsulinemic. However, not all insulin-resistant/hyperinsulinemic individuals have elevated blood pressure; therefore, the abnormalities in insulin metabolism simply lead to physiological changes that place an individual at increased risk of developing hypertension. The two most prominent of these changes involve enhanced sympathetic nervous system activity and renal sodium retention.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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