The Introduction of Modern Beekeeping

Although bee-keeping with frame hives had first been introduced by early missionaries at the end of the nineteenth century, throughout much of the colonial period the collecting of honey was either through traditional beekeeping methods, or by sporadic and rather opportunistic 'raiding' of the hives in order to obtain the honey. Soon after independence the Malawi government, principally through the Ministry of Agriculture, began to implement various feasibility studies and surveys in order to...

Bugs Hemiptera

Only three species of bugs are commonly eaten in Malawi, and apart from the cicada bugs are very rarely mentioned in the literature on the insect foods of sub-Saharan Africa. Bugs seem to be more often eaten in Asia, and the giant water bug Lethocerus indicus - the allied species L. niloticum is plentiful in the Lower Shire - is commonly sold in food shops in Canton - along with cockroaches Periplaneta americana and water beetles Cybister sp. Bodenheimer 1951 276-7 . None of these species are...

Teaestatemanagers Thyolo

Many other species of grasshoppers and crickets Order Orthoptera occasionally feed on cotton, but do not normally cause extensive damage to the crop - although in certain years they may occur in such large numbers that they inflict local damage that can be quite serious, or even total. These include the following species Gryllotalpa africana Gryllus bimaculatus Brachytrypes membranaceus Enyaliopsis petersi Cymatomera sp Homorocoryphus vicinus Pseudorhynchus pungens Nomadacris septemfasciata...

Traditional Beekeeping

As the African honey-bee, unlike its Asian counterpart, is a cavity-nesting bee, bee keeping using fixed hives developed in Africa from a very early period. Indeed, so-called 'traditional' bee-keeping was evident in Egypt from around 2400 bc. Bees and honey are mentioned several times in the Bible, and though the phrase may be simply metaphorical Canaan is described as 'a land flowing with milk and honey' Exodus 3 17 . Both wax and honey were important as items of trade, and wax had invaluable...

Caterpillars Lepidoptera

Insect With Spines That Detach

Along with the winged termites, edible caterpillars are the commonest and most esteemed of the edible insects - and seem to be eaten throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Tessman at the beginning of last century recorded that the Pangwe of the Cameroon consumed more than twenty different kinds of edible caterpillar, and recognized each by its specific name and knew its particular host tree Vide Bodenheimer 1951 188 . More recently Carl Silow 1976 has recorded thirty-one edible caterpillars from...

Folk Classifications of Insects a Comparative Perspective

Folk classifications are far less comprehensive than the taxonomic systems of professional biologists, and, as Fikret Berkes writes, the gap between the two classificatory systems increases as the cultural and practical significance of the animal or plant decreases. Thus trees and the larger mammals are often clearly recognized, and there is an almost one-to-one correspondence between folk and scientific nomenclature with regard to the more conspicuous plants and mammals Morris 1996, 1998...