Test Your Understanding of Concepts and

1. Explain how antibodies help to destroy invading bacterial cells.1

2. Identify the different types of interferons and describe their origin and actions.

3. Distinguish between the class-1 and class-2 MHC molecules in terms of their locations and functions.

4. Describe the role of macrophages in activating the specific immune response to antigens.

5. Distinguish between the two subtypes of helper T lymphocytes and explain how they may be produced.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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