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1Note: This question is answered in the chapter 6 Study Guide found on the Online Learning Center at

Exercise Protocol Mhhe

compare the characteristics of EPSPs and action potentials.

discuss the significance of nitric oxide as a neurotransmitter.

6. explain how a myelin sheath is formed.

7. define depolarization, repolarization, and hyperpolarization.

explain the actions of voltage-regulated Na+ and K+ channels and describe the events that occur during the production of an action potential.

describe the events that occur in the interval between the electrical excitation of an axon and the release of neurotransmitter.

describe the two general categories of chemically regulated ion channels and explain how these channels operate using nicotinic and muscarinic ACh receptors as examples.

explain how ACh produces EPSPs and IPSPs,and discuss the significance of these processes.

compare the characteristics of EPSPs and action potentials.

compare the mechanisms that inactivate ACh with those that inactivate monoamine neurotransmitters.

explain the role of cyclic AMP in the action of monoamine neurotransmitters and describe some of the actions of monoamines in the nervous system.

explain the significance of the inhibitory effects of glycine and GABA in the central nervous system.

list some of the polypeptide neurotransmitters and explain the significance of the endogenous opioids in the nervous system.

discuss the significance of nitric oxide as a neurotransmitter.

explain how EPSPs and IPSPs can interact and discuss the significance of spatial and temporal summation and of presynaptic and postsynaptic inhibition.

describe the nature of long-term potentiation and discuss its significance.

Steps Neurotransmitter Action

Fox: Human Physiology, I 7. The Nervous System: I Text I I © The McGraw-Hill

Eighth Edition Neurons and Synapses Companies, 2003

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