Muscle Tissue

Muscle tissue is specialized for contraction. There are three types of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac, and smooth. Skeletal muscle is often called voluntary muscle because its contraction is consciously controlled. Both skeletal and cardiac muscles are striated; they have striations, or stripes, that extend across the width of the muscle cell (figs. 1.7 and 1.8). These striations are produced by a characteristic arrangement of contractile proteins, and for this reason skeletal and cardiac muscle have similar mechanisms of contraction. Smooth muscle (fig. 1.9) lacks these striations and has a different mechanism of contraction.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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