When a cell is going to divide, each strand of the DNA within its nucleus acts as a template for the formation of a new complementary strand. Organs grow and repair themselves through a type of cell division known as mitosis.The two daughter cells produced by mitosis both contain the same genetic information as the parent cell. Gametes contain only half the number of chromosomes as their parent cell and are formed by a type of cell division called meiosis.
Genetic information is required for the life of the cell and for the ability of the cell to perform its functions in the body. Each cell obtains this genetic information from its parent cell through the process of DNA replication and cell division. DNA is the only type of molecule in the body capable of replicating itself, and mechanisms exist within the dividing cell to ensure that the duplicate copies of DNA will be properly distributed to the daughter cells.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...