Digestion and Absorption in the Stomach

Proteins are only partially digested in the stomach by the action of pepsin, while carbohydrates and fats are not digested at all by pepsin. (Digestion of starch begins in the mouth with the action of salivary amylase and continues for a time when the food enters the stomach, but amylase soon becomes inactivated by the strong acidity of gastric juice.) The complete digestion of food molecules occurs later, when chyme enters the small intestine.

Therefore, people who have had partial gastric resections—and even those who have had complete gastrectomies—can still adequately digest and absorb their food.

Almost all of the products of digestion are absorbed through the wall of the small intestine; the only commonly ingested substances that can be absorbed across the stomach wall are alcohol and aspirin. Absorption occurs as a result of the lipid solubility of these molecules. The passage of aspirin through the gastric mucosa has been shown to cause bleeding, which may be significant if aspirin is taken in large doses.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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  • Susanne
    Is aspirin able to be absorbed across the stomach wall?
    8 years ago
  • sandra
    What commonly ingested substances are absorbed through the stomach wall?
    8 years ago
  • Marina
    What commonly ingested substance are absorbed through the stomach wall?
    8 years ago
  • susanna pisani
    What commonly ingested substsnces are absorbed tgrough yhe dtomach wsll?
    8 years ago
  • miika
    What substances are ingested but not digested?
    7 years ago
  • tuija
    What are the only molecules absorbed through the stomach?
    7 years ago
  • roderic
    What absorption occurs in the stomach in physiology?
    7 years ago
  • kai
    Why is alcohol absorbed in the stomach walls?
    3 years ago
  • CHRISTINE
    What substance is absorved in the stomack?
    2 years ago
  • chiaffredo
    Why stomach absorbs alcohol,aspirin?
    2 years ago
  • Quarantino Siciliani
    WHICH SUBSTANCE IS ABSOBED IN THE STOMACK?
    2 years ago
  • SOPHIE
    What is substance that absorb in stomach?
    2 years ago
  • mathilda
    Can proteins be absorbed through the stomach wall?
    2 years ago
  • andreas
    Does flexerol get absorbed in the stomach?
    2 years ago
  • mateusz johnston
    What kind of substances are absorbed by gastric mucossa?
    2 years ago
  • Frank
    Which food substance is absorbed in the stomach.?
    1 year ago
  • elizabeth
    How rotariq absorb in stomach?
    1 year ago
  • belba
    Which molecule is not able to be absorbed across the stomach wall?
    1 year ago
  • giacinta
    Can stomach wall absorb aspirin?
    1 year ago
  • cornelia
    What substanecs are absrobed by stomach?
    12 months ago
  • orazio
    Does absorption start in the stomach?
    10 months ago
  • bisirat fesahaye
    Is amylase and alcohol absorbed by stomache?
    10 months ago
  • Bingo
    How does aspirin cross the stomach wall?
    10 months ago
  • kaiju
    How is digestion in the stomach dual innervation?
    9 months ago
  • aliisa
    What is the effect of some alcohol being absorbed in the stomach?
    8 months ago
  • antonino
    Which substances can the stomach absorb?
    7 months ago
  • Jai
    Where does the absorption of aspirin occur?
    7 months ago
  • cassio
    What materials are absorbed in the stomach lining?
    7 months ago
  • steffen
    What molecules get across the gut wall?
    6 months ago
  • KATJA
    Is anyhting absorbed across the human stomach lining?
    6 months ago
  • Helen
    What substances does the stomach digest?
    6 months ago
  • joey
    Why does aspirin absorption occur in the stomach?
    6 months ago
  • ANKE
    Is water absorbed through the stomach wall?
    5 months ago
  • azzurra
    What substances are absorbed thru the stomach lining?
    5 months ago
  • ponto
    Which substances can be absorbed in the small intestine?
    4 months ago
  • milo roper
    Is aspirin digested in stomach or intestine?
    4 months ago
  • Morven Watson
    Where are things absorbed in th gut?
    3 months ago
  • Saare
    What role does absorption have on the stomach?
    3 months ago
  • bertoldo
    What 4 things can your stomach absorb?
    3 months ago
  • bethany
    Is there anything you can take that will help with absorption of medicine in your stomach?
    3 months ago
  • Ilmari
    Where does the absorption of nutrients in the stomach occurs?
    2 months ago
  • teuvo
    What things absorbed in stomach?
    2 months ago
  • Rhiannon
    Can the human stomach absorb hydraproxide?
    2 months ago
  • johanna
    What contributes to stomach absorption of molecules?
    2 months ago
  • Kelsey
    Does juice get absorbed by stomach?
    1 month ago
  • impi
    Why is the stomach nutrient absorption?
    1 month ago
  • carlos
    Why is the stomach for storage ,absorption and digestion?
    1 month ago
  • ralf
    How is alchol absorbed through the stomach wall?
    1 month ago
  • JONI JALONEN
    Which molecules are favored in absorption in stomach?
    29 days ago
  • aiden mackenzie
    What does the mucosa of the stomach absorb?
    22 days ago
  • gloriana
    How is aspirin ingested if it cant be in the stomach?
    14 days ago
  • kauko rajam
    Why can alchohol cross the mucosa of the stomach?
    7 days ago
  • kerttu
    Can sodium be absrobed in the stomach?
    1 day ago

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