Roles of Mast Cells in Asthma

Allergic asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory tract 41 . It is characterized by relapsing-remitting episodes of reversible airway obstruction. Clinical symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, chest discomfort, and coughing, which can lead to respiratory failure. Eosinophilia, lung inflammation, elevated serum IgE, mucus hypersecretion, and hyperreactive airways are typical. Like immediate hypersensitive responses, allergens elicit the initial symptoms, and mast cell mediators...