Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

Crimean hemorrhagic fever has been recognized for many years in central Asia and eastern Europe as a severe zoonotic disease affecting people coming in contact with livestock, as well as woodcutters and other people coming in contact with ticks. The causative virus, a member of the genus Nairovirus, is identical to a virus, originally named Congo virus, which causes a nonfatal febrile disease in humans in central Africa. The distribution of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is now known to extend from China through central Asia lo India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, other Persian Gulf countries, the Middle East, eastern Europe, to most of Saharan and sub-Saharan Africa.

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