Endogenous Antigens The Cytosolic Pathway

In eukaryotic cells, protein levels are carefully regulated. Every protein is subject to continuous turnover and is degraded at a rate that is generally expressed in terms of its halflife. Some proteins (e.g., transcription factors, cyclins, and key metabolic enzymes) have very short half-lives; denatured, misfolded, or otherwise abnormal proteins also are degraded rapidly. The pathway by which endogenous antigens are degraded for presentation with class I MHC molecules utilizes the same pathways involved in the normal turnover of intracellular proteins.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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