Chronic rejection reactions develop months or years after acute rejection reactions have subsided. The mechanisms of chronic rejection include both humoral and cell-mediated responses by the recipient. While the use of immunosuppressive drugs and the application of tissue-typing methods to obtain optimum match of donor and recipient have dramatically increased survival of allografts during the first years after engraftment, little
Is There a Clinical Future for Xenotransplantation?
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.