So What Should Girls And Young Women Do To Reduce Their Risk Of Heart Disease

Young women should do everything they can to reduce their risk of getting coronary heart disease and make sure that they stop or do not start smoking that their blood pressure is normal that they do not have diabetes or high cholesterol that they are slim and fit. They should adopt good habits when they are young. After the menopause, women should be especially careful and have a healthy lifestyle. Prevention of coronary heart disease should start in childhood, and young women should be aware...

Heart Attacks Are Due To Cracking Of The Surface Of A Layer Of Fat Cholesterol

Even a thin layer of fat (plaque) in a heart artery can cause big problems. The inside wall of the heart artery may get inflamed and the top surface of the layer of fat may crack. We call this a ruptured plaque of fat. Soft fat is more likely to lead to trouble than stable, hard fat. The soft fat consists mainly of the bad type of low density lipoprotein cholesterol, or LDL cholesterol. The crack in the surface of the fat layer causes a blood clot to form at the site of the crack. The blood...

Whatis A Heart Attack

Peritoneal Dialysis Diagram

A heart attack is death and damage to the heart muscle. This is caused by a blood clot in one of the three main heart arteries, blocking the supply of blood to the heart muscle. The clot in the heart artery blocks the supply of blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the heart muscle. Without blood and oxygen, the heart muscle cells die within one hour. Unless the blood supply to the heart muscle is restored within one hour, the muscle cells will not recover. Some recovery of some of the cells may...

Some People Die Suddenly from a Heart Attack without Having Had Angina

A heart attack occurs if one of the three heart arteries blocks off (coronary thrombosis). For many people with coronary heart disease, their first symptom is a heart attack or sudden death, without ever having had any warning symptoms of angina. Heart attacks are very dangerous and unpredictable. 30 of patients die before reaching hospital. The sudden lack ofblood and oxygen to the heart causes a fatal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation the heart stops beating and the circulation of...

How Common Is High Blood Pressure Hypertension In Women

High blood pressure is unusual in young women and usually occurs together with other cardiovascular risk factors, for example, obesity, diabetes, and a high cholesterol level. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes (Chapter 9). High blood pressure is more common in women after the menopause possibly because they are older. Women with high blood pressure are at least three times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than women with normal blood pressure. High...

What Are The Chances Of Surviving A Heart Attack

Thirty percent of people who have a heart attack die before reaching hospital. This is usually because the normal heart rhythm changes into an abnormal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation (sometimes called a VF arrest). Sometimes the heart just stops beating and there is no electricity in the heart muscle (called an asystolic no heart action - cardiac arrest). After 10 minutes, with the heart stopped, there is very little chance of restarting the heart, even if the patient had an...

Why Is Coronary Heart Disease More Difficult To Diagnose In Women And Why Is Diagnosis Delayed

Doctors make a diagnosis of angina from the patient's description of her symptoms. Nearly everyone with angina has coronary heart disease. Very rarely, patients with other conditions may have angina but have normal heart arteries. Whereas men with coronary heart disease are more likely to have the typical angina symptoms of chest pain and breathlessness when they exercise, symptoms of angina in women are more often atypical and include back pain, burning in the chest, nausea, and fatigue...

If We Dont Die From A Heart Attack Or A Stroke What Are We Likely To Die From

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Not all old people die from coronary heart disease. Many die from old age worn-out kidneys, dementia, an infection for example, a bad chest infection or pneumonia or cancer. Cancer is not as common a cause of death as heart attacks, heart failure, and stroke. Elderly people who develop cancer frequently Figure 1.5 The heart - internal view The heart opened up from the front. Figure 1.5 The heart - internal view The heart opened up from the front. die from cardiovascular disease rather than...

Can We Get Rid Of Coronary Heart Disease

Once fat has been deposited inside an artery it cannot be removed completely. Modern treatments, such as the cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins, combined with a low-fat diet and vigorous daily exercise, may help reduce the amount of fat inside the artery. Statins which can now be bought, like aspirin, over the counter reduce the cholesterol level, reduce the inflammation in the arteries, and convert a lump of soft, inflammed fat which is likely to crack an unstable fatty plaque into...

Are Depression Loneliness And Lack Of Social Support Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Depression, social isolation loneliness , lack of emotional support from family and friends are independently associated with heart disease and the risk of heart attack and death. This is very difficult to treat, as these people are invisible and unlikely to seek help. They may resort to drugs, alcohol, and, in extreme cases, suicide. There is less support for these isolated people in today's impersonal and fragmented communities. These conditions are common in the elderly, especially after the...