So What Should Girls And Young Women Do To Reduce Their Risk Of Heart Disease

Young women should do everything they can to reduce their risk of getting coronary heart disease and make sure that they stop or do not start smoking that their blood pressure is normal that they do not have diabetes or high cholesterol that they are slim and fit. They should adopt good habits when they are young. After the menopause, women should be especially careful and have a healthy lifestyle. Prevention of coronary heart disease should start in childhood, and young women should be aware...

Is High Cholesterol And Other Risk Factors Often Due To Lifestyle

People with a high cholesterol level are often overweight because they eat too much fat and other unhealthy food, drink too much alcohol, and do little if any regular exercise. Because of all these factors, they often have or develop diabetes. Therefore, they have not only high cholesterol as a risk factor, but also, obesity, inactivity, and diabetes. If they also smoke, they are at particularly high risk. All of these risk factors can be tackled with determination, hard work, and self-control.

Whatis A Heart Attack

A heart attack is death and damage to the heart muscle. This is caused by a blood clot in one of the three main heart arteries, blocking the supply of blood to the heart muscle. The clot in the heart artery blocks the supply of blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the heart muscle. Without blood and oxygen, the heart muscle cells die within one hour. Unless the blood supply to the heart muscle is restored within one hour, the muscle cells will not recover. Some recovery of some of the cells may...

Some People Die Suddenly from a Heart Attack without Having Had Angina

A heart attack occurs if one of the three heart arteries blocks off (coronary thrombosis). For many people with coronary heart disease, their first symptom is a heart attack or sudden death, without ever having had any warning symptoms of angina. Heart attacks are very dangerous and unpredictable. 30 of patients die before reaching hospital. The sudden lack ofblood and oxygen to the heart causes a fatal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation the heart stops beating and the circulation of...

How Common Is High Blood Pressure Hypertension In Women

High blood pressure is unusual in young women and usually occurs together with other cardiovascular risk factors, for example, obesity, diabetes, and a high cholesterol level. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes (Chapter 9). High blood pressure is more common in women after the menopause possibly because they are older. Women with high blood pressure are at least three times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than women with normal blood pressure. High...

What Are The Chances Of Surviving A Heart Attack

Thirty percent of people who have a heart attack die before reaching hospital. This is usually because the normal heart rhythm changes into an abnormal heart rhythm called ventricular fibrillation (sometimes called a VF arrest). Sometimes the heart just stops beating and there is no electricity in the heart muscle (called an asystolic no heart action - cardiac arrest). After 10 minutes, with the heart stopped, there is very little chance of restarting the heart, even if the patient had an...

Why Dont We Do Coronary Angiograms In All Patients Who May Have Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary angiography carries a risk of heart attack, stroke (in around 1 in 1000), and death (1 in 1000). The test may cause other problems, for example, bruising or damage to the artery in the leg. Some people are allergic to the contrast fluid we inject. They are also exposed to X-rays. Some patients find it painful or uncomfortable. Patients need to take the day off work. Coronary angiograms are usually done by cardiologists and can be done only in certain hospitals by doctors with the...

Is There Such A Thing As A Big Or A Small Heart Attack

The terms are confusing and are not used nowadays because they are misleading. Big and small refer to the amount of heart muscle damaged, but it is very difficult to measure the size of a heart attack. Ultrasound of the heart, blood tests, and a chest X-ray give an estimate of how much the heart has been damaged. People who have had a lot of heart muscle damage may be breathless and generally do worse than people who have had little damage to their heart muscle. Ventricular fibrillation (the...

Why Is Coronary Heart Disease More Difficult To Diagnose In Women And Why Is Diagnosis Delayed

Doctors make a diagnosis of angina from the patient's description of her symptoms. Nearly everyone with angina has coronary heart disease. Very rarely, patients with other conditions may have angina but have normal heart arteries. Whereas men with coronary heart disease are more likely to have the typical angina symptoms of chest pain and breathlessness when they exercise, symptoms of angina in women are more often atypical and include back pain, burning in the chest, nausea, and fatigue...

If We Dont Die From A Heart Attack Or A Stroke What Are We Likely To Die From

Not all old people die from coronary heart disease. Many die from old age worn-out kidneys, dementia, an infection for example, a bad chest infection or pneumonia or cancer. Cancer is not as common a cause of death as heart attacks, heart failure, and stroke. Elderly people who develop cancer frequently Figure 1.5 The heart - internal view The heart opened up from the front. Figure 1.5 The heart - internal view The heart opened up from the front. die from cardiovascular disease rather than...

Can We Get Rid Of Coronary Heart Disease

Once fat has been deposited inside an artery it cannot be removed completely. Modern treatments, such as the cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins, combined with a low-fat diet and vigorous daily exercise, may help reduce the amount of fat inside the artery. Statins which can now be bought, like aspirin, over the counter reduce the cholesterol level, reduce the inflammation in the arteries, and convert a lump of soft, inflammed fat which is likely to crack an unstable fatty plaque into...