or most of historical time, the dominant view was that all crea- JS Notes M tures, plant and animal, were the product of separate, individual creations. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) believed that both lowly and highly organized organisms arose spontaneously from mud, and later others wrote recipes for the generation of flies, bees, and mice from nonliving precursors. When Aristotle cataloged and gave names to species, he believed he was cataloging creation. Hundreds of years later, Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), originator of our modern system of classification, also held the view that every species was the result of individual acts of creation. Only later in his career did Linnaeus begin to consider the possibility of evolutionary change.
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