Contents

Foreword Preface

PART I. CHARACTERIZATION OF THE ORGANISMS INVOLVED IN FOODBORNE ILLNESS

Foodborne Viruses

1. Caliciviruses

David H. Kingsley and Gary P. Richards

2. Hepatitis Barry D. Schoub

Foodborne Bacteria: Established Bacterial Pathogens

3. Bacillus cereus

Kathleen T. Rajkowski and Reginald W. Bennett

4. Staphylococcus aureus

Reginald W. Bennett and Steven R. Monday

5. Clostridium botulinum

Giovanna Franciosa, Paolo Aureli, and Robert Schechter

6. Clostridium perfringens Bruce A. McClane

7. Listeria monocytogenes Atin R. Datta

8. Escherichia coli

Carlos Eslava, Jorge Villaseca, Ulises Hernandez, and Alejandro Cravioto

Nontyphoid Salmonella Darcy Hanes

Typhoid Salmonella

Lan Hu and Dennis J. Kopecko

Shigella Species

Keith A. Lampel and Anthony T. Maurelli

Campylobacter Species Lan Hu and Dennis J. Kopecko

Helicobacter pylori

Audun E. Berstad and Per Brandtzaeg

Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio parahaemolyticus Mitsuaki Nishibuchi

Vibrio vulnificus

Gaskov Clerge, Broderick E. Eribo, and Ben D. Tall

Other Vibrio Species Mahendra H. Kothary

Yersinia Species

Roy M. Robins-Browne and Elizabeth L. Hartland

Aeromonas Species

Karel Krovacek and Ahmed Faris

Plesiomonas shigelloides Karel Krovacek

Streptococcus Species

Barry M. Gray and Sylvie Rodriguez Arnavielhe

Foodborne Bacteria: Emerging Bacterial Pathogens

Enterobacter sakazakii

M. Nazarowec-White, J. M. Farber, M. W. Reij, J.-L. Cordier, and M. van Schothorst

Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis Michael T. Collins

Foodborne Toxins

Major Fungal Toxins of Regulatory Concern

Garnett E. Wood, Mary W. Trucksess, and Sara H. Henry

Foodborne Marine Biotoxins Mark A. Poli

Foodborne Protista

Entamoeba histolytica

Terry F. H. G. Jackson and Selvan G. Reddy

Giardia lamblia Rodney D. Adam

Cryptosporidium parvum Saul Tzipori

Cyclospora cayetanensis Michael J. Arrowood

Toxoplasma gondii Miles B. Markus

Foodborne Helminths

Taenia solium

Oscar H. Del Brutto and Julio Sotelo Fasciola hepatica

Ana M. Espino and Blanca E. Dumenigo

Fasciolopsis buski

Bishnupada Roy and Veena Tandon

Echinostoma Species

Clonorchis sinensis Sung-Tae Hong

Opisthorchis viverrini

Yupaporn Wattanagoon and Swangjai Pungpak

Paragonimus Species Wanchai Maleewong

Anisakis simplex and Pseudoterranova decipiens

M. T. Audicana, M. D. del Pozo, R. Iglesias, and F. M. Ubeira

39. Trichinella

Wanda KociƧcka, Krystyna Boczon, Edoardo Pozio, and Franz Von Knapen

40. Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Andrea S. Vicari, William D. Hueston, and Dominic A. Travis

PART II. GEOGRAPHIC SUMMARY OF INCIDENCE OF FOODBORNE ILLNESS

41. Incidence of Foodborne Infections in Northern Europe Maija Hatakka and Pekka Pakkala

42. Incidence of Foodborne Illness in Central Europe Maria Barna and Gyorgy Biro

43. Incidence of Foodborne Illness in Southern Africa John Frean, Karen Keddy, and Hendrik Koornhof

44. Incidence of Foodborne Illness in Southeast Asia Punnee Pitisuttithum

45. Foodborne Diseases in Southern South America

Bernadette D. G. M. Franco, Mariza Landgraf, Maria Teresa Destro, and Dilma S. Gelli

PART III. INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND HACCP ON FOODBORNE ILLNESS

46. The WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures: An International Trade Agreement with Implications for National and International Food Safety Standards

Kazuaki Miyagishima and Fritz Kaferstein

47. The International Organization for Standardization Martha Petro-Turza and Catherine Guisse

48. The Role of Codex Alimentarius in International Standards Setting H. Michael Wehr

49. The Office International des Epizooties: Part I Alfonso Torres and Anne Goodman

50. The Office International des Epizooties: Part II Lester Crawford

51. Microbial Risk Assessment as a Tool for Guiding Food Safety

Kaye Wachsmuth, Janell Kause, Carol Maczka, Eric Ebel, Wayne Schlosser, and Steve Anderson

52. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Systems

George P. Hoskin, William R. Jones, Brett Podoski, and Leslie Bluhm

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