Black walnut Bladder campion Blueberry Bracken fern
Broomrape Bulrush (Tule)
Butternut Camas Caraway Cattail
"Coffee" (wild) Common chickweed Corn lily Cow parsnip
Crab apple Cranberry (wild, bog)
Douglas fir Elderberry
Juglans nigra Silene cucubalus Vaccinium spp. Pteridium aquilinum
Orobanche spp. Scirpus spp.
Juglans cinerea Camassia quamash Carum carvi Typha spp.
Trifolium spp. Triosteum spp. Stellaria media Clintonia borealis Heracleum lanatum
Pyrus spp. Vaccinium spp.
Empetrum nigrum Taraxacum sp. aff.
Pseudotsuga menziesii Sambucus spp.
O. biennis, and others Disporum trachycarpum Foeniculum vulgare Most (but not all) spp. Epilobium angustifolium Fritillaria spp.
Young shoots (less than 5 cm tall) cooked as a vegetable Fruits edible raw, frozen, and in pies, jams, and jellies Young uncoiling leaves ("fiddleheads") cooked like asparagus; rhizomes also edible but usually tough (Caution: Evidence indicates that frequent consumption of bracken fern can cause cancer of the intestinal tract) Entire plant eaten raw or roasted
Roots and young shoot tips edible raw or cooked; pollen and seeds also edible
Nut meats edible
Young leaves in salads; seeds for flavoring baked goods and cheeses Copious pollen produced by flowers in early summer is rich in vitamins and can be gathered and mixed with flour for baking; rhizomes can be cooked and eaten like potatoes
Leaves eaten raw or cooked; dried, ground roots (roasted) make good coffee substitute
Fruits make excellent jelly or can be cooked with sugar for pies and cobblers
Berries dried and roasted make good coffee substitute
Plants cooked as a vegetable
Roots and young stems cooked (Caution: Be certain of identity; some other members of the family that are similar in appearance to cow parsnip are highly toxic)
"Peas" and young pods cooked as a vegetable (plant naturalized in southern U.S.)
Berries edible cooked, preserved, or in drinks; adding a small amount of salt while cooking significantly reduces amount of sugar needed to counteract acidity
Fruits should first be frozen, then cooked with sugar
Leaves rich in vitamin A; dried roots make good coffee substitute; wine made from young flowers
Leaves cooked like spinach; tartness of leaves varies from species to species and sometimes from plant to plant—tart forms should be cooked in two or three changes of water
Cambium and young phloem edible; tea made from fresh leaves Fresh flowers used to flavor batters; fruits used in pies, jellies, wine (Caution: Other parts of the plant are poisonous) Young roots cooked
Berries can be eaten raw Leaf petioles eaten raw or cooked
Young coiled fronds (fiddleheads) may be cooked as a vegetable Young shoots and leaves boiled as a vegetable Cooked bulbs are edible
Useful and Poisonous Plants, Fungi, an d Al gae
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Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.