Scientific Name Uses

Amaranth Arrow grass Arrowhead Balsamroot Basswood

Bearberry (Kinnikinik) Bedstraw (Cleavers) Beechnuts

Biscuit root

Bitterroot Blackberry (wild)

Amaranthus spp. Triglochin maritima Sagittaria latifolia Balsamorhiza spp. Tilia spp.

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Galium aparine Fagus grandifolia Lomatium spp. Lewisia rediviva

Rubus spp.

Young leaves used like spinach; seeds ground with others for flour Seeds parched or roasted (Caution: All other plant parts are poisonous) Tubers used like potatoes

Whole plant edible, especially when young, either raw or cooked

Fruits and flowers ground together to make a paste that can serve as a chocolate substitute; winter buds edible raw; dried flowers used for tea

Berries are edible but much more palatable when cooked

Roasted and ground seeds make good coffee substitute

Seeds used as nuts; oil extracted from seeds for table use

Roots eaten raw or dried and ground into flour; seeds edible raw or roasted

Outer coat of the bulbs should be removed to eliminate the bitter principle;

bulbs are then boiled or roasted

Fruits edible raw, in pies, jams, and jellies

Appendix 3

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