Remarks

Acacia

Acacia spp.

Alder

Alnus spp.

Alkanet

Alkanna tinctoria

Annatto

Bixa orellana

Bamboo

Bambusa spp.

Barberry

Berberis vulgaris

Barwood

Baphia nitida

Bearberry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Bedstraw

Galium spp.

Birch

Betula spp.

Black cherry

Prunus serotina

Black walnut

Juglans nigra

Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis

Blueberry

Vaccinium spp.

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea spp.

Brazilwood

Caesalpinia spp.

Buckthorn

Rhamnus spp.

Buckwheat

Fagopyrum esculentum

Buckwheat (wild)

Eriogonum spp.

Buffaloberry

Shepherdia argentea

Butternut

Juglans cinerea

Cocklebur

Xanthium strumarium

Coffee

Coffea arabica

Cudbear (Archil)

Rocella spp. (lichen)

Cutch

Acacia spp.; Uncaria gambir

Dock

Rumex spp.

Dogwood

Cornus florida

Doveweed

Eremocarpus setigerus

Dyer's rocket

Reseda luteola

Elderberry

Sambucus spp.

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus spp.

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Fig

Ficus carica

Brown dyes from bark and fruits Brownish dyes from bark Red dye from roots

Yellow or red dye from pulp surrounding seeds

Light green dye from leaves

Grayish dye from leaves

Purplish dyes from wood

Yellowish dye from leaves

Light reddish brown dyes from roots

Light brown to black dyes from bark

Red dye from bark; gray to green dyes from leaves

Rich brown dye from bark; brown dye from walnut hulls

Red dye from rhizomes

Blue to gray dye from mature fruits (tends to fade) Light brownish dyes from floral bracts Reddish dyes from wood Green dyes from fruits Blue dye from stems

Dark gold, pale yellow, and beige dyes from stems and flowers Red dye from fruit

Yellow to grayish brown dyes from fruit hulls Dark green dye from stems and leaves Light brown dye from ground, roasted seeds Red dye obtained by fermentation of thallus Brown to drab green dyes from stem gums Light brown dyes from stems and leaves Red dye from bark; purplish dye from root Light to olive green dye from entire plant Orangish dye from all parts

Blackish dye from bark; purple, blue, or dark brown dyes from fruits

Beige dyes from bark

Yellow dyes from shoots

Green dyes from leaves and fruits

Stern-Jansky-Bidlack: Introductory Plant Biology, Ninth Edition

Appendices

3. Useful and Poisonous Plants, Fungi, and Algae

© The McGraw-H Companies, 2003

Useful and Poisonous Plants, Fungi, an d Al gae

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