Info

Slime molds Flagellate fungi True fungi Bryophytes Vascular plants

Animalia

Protozoa

Sponges

Multicellular animals

Animalia

Multicellular animals

Animalia

Multicellular animals

Animalia

Multicellular animals

Animalia

Multicellular animals

Ingest food

Depending on which system of classification is used, there may be between 12 and nearly 30 divisions (phyla) of "plants" recognized.

A classification of major groups of living organisms into six kingdoms, based primarily on a modification of Whittaker's five-kingdom system, is found in Table 16.2. It is the classification followed throughout this book. Probable derivations and relationships are indicated in Figure 16.4.

Viruses, which don't have cellular structure or most of the other attributes of living organisms, are not included in this classification; they are discussed in Chapter 17 after the bacteria. Lichens, each of which is a combination of an alga and a fungus, are discussed with the fungi in Chapter 19. If we were to give a complete classification of the common onion according to this particular arrangement, it would look like this:

Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Magnoliophyta Class: Liliopsida Order: Liliales Family: Liliaceae Genus: Allium Species: Allium cepa L.

Chapter 16

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