1. Most plant meristems are located at the tips of shoots and roots and in cylindrical layers within stems and roots. What could happen if they were present in leaves?
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Visit our web page at www.mhhe.com/botany for interesting case studies, practice quizes, current articles, and animations within the Online Learning Center to help you understand the material in this chapter. You'll also find active links to these topics:
Architectural Pattern of Plants Meristematic Tissues Non-meristematic Tissues Roots
Cutler, E. F., and K. L. Alvin. 1982. The plant cuticle. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Cutter, E. G. 1978. Plant anatomy, Part I: Cells and tissues, 2d ed. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Fahn, A. 1990. Plant anatomy, 4th ed. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press.
Foskett, D. E. 1994. Plant growth and development. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Lloyd, C. W. (Ed.). 1991. The cytoskeletal basis of plant growth and form. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Mauseth, J. D. 1988. Plant anatomy. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings.
Metcalfe, C. R., and L. Chalk (Eds.). 1988-1989. Anatomy of the dicotyledons, 2 vols. Fair Lawn, NY: Oxford University Press.
Romberger, J. A. 1993. Plant structure: Function and development. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Starr, C. C. 2000. Biology concepts and applications, 4th ed. Stamford, CT: Brooks/Cole.
Black mangrove (Avicennia nitida) pneumatophores. Pneumatophores are above-ground spongy outgrowths of roots in wet areas where insufficient oxygen needed for normal respiration of the roots is present. The pneumatophores allow freer exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen. (Courtesy Lani Stemmerman).
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.