Chapter Outline

Distinctions Between Kingdoms

Protista and Fungi Kingdom Fungi—The True Fungi Phylum Chytridomycota—

The Chytrids Phylum Zygomycota—

The Coenocytic True Fungi Human and Ecological Relevance of the Coenocytic True Fungi Phylum Ascomycota—

The Ascomycetes (Sac Fungi) Human and Ecological

Relevance of the Sac Fungi

Phylum Basidiomycota—

The Basidiomycetes (Club Fungi)

Human and Ecological Relevance of the Club Fungi Phylum Deuteromycota— The Deuteromycetes (Imperfect Fungi) Human and Ecological Relevance of the Imperfect Fungi


Human and Ecological

Relevance of Lichens Summary

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After a short introduction, the distinctions between Kingdoms Protista and Fungi are discussed. A summary of the features of Kingdom Fungi and a review of how the kingdom came to be recognized are given.

Kingdom Fungi includes five phyla of fungi. Life cycles and discussions of the economic importance of representative members of each phylum are presented. Nematode-trapping fungi, Pilobolus, truffles, morels, ergot, yeasts, stinkhorns, puffballs, bracket fungi, bird's-nest fungi, smuts, rusts, poisonous and hallucinogenic fungi, shiitake mushrooms, mushroom culture, antibiotics, industrial products obtained from fungi, and fungi in nature are discussed. The chapter concludes with an examination of various forms of lichens. Natural dyeing is briefly explored, and the economic importance of lichens is reviewed.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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