• Renal disease may be asymptomatic or present with non-specific symptoms, e.g. tiredness.
• Genitourinary complaints can be embarrassing and need specific enquiry to avoid overlooking important problems.
• Painless visible haematuria in the adult is most often due to a bladder papilloma or carcinoma.
• Symptoms of prostatism are common and develop slowly; in consequence, patients often underestimate their significance.
• Complete anuria is rare; most patients who stop passing urine have bladder neck obstruction.
• Testicular pain may be referred to the groin and lower abdomen.
• The commonest cause of secondary amenorrhoea is pregnancy, bul it may Indicate severe systemic illness, an endocrinological disorder or a psychological problem.
• Sexual dysfunction and sexually transmitted disease occurs at any age and in any social setting.
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If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.