Periodic Limb Movements Of Sleep

In addition to the nonepileptic conditions previously discussed, two sleep related conditions can occasionally be confused with convulsive epileptic seizures. These are periodic limb movements of sleep PLMS and REM sleep behavior disorder RBD see also Chapter 16 . PLMS is characterized by recurrent muscle contractions, primarily of the lower extremities, during sleep 50-53 . Simultaneous movements of the upper extremities may occur. The movements tend to occur in clusters, each movement...

Slow Delta Wave Activity Hepatic Encephalopathy

Triphasic Sharp Wave Complexes

___ he diagnosis of paroxysmal events in I the elderly presents particular difficulties, especially when contrasted with the problem presented by younger patients. In the first instance, the history is often difficult to obtain, vague, or not available at all. A second problem, common in the elderly, is the coexistence of multiple medical and or neurological problems that complicate the analysis of intercurrent paroxysmal symptoms. A third factor involves the confounding results of diagnostic...