Some Common Abbreviations

ACP acyl carrier protein

ADP adenosine diphosphate

Api apiose

Ara arabinose

ATP adenosine triphosphate

B: general base

CoA coenzyme A as part of a thioester, e.g. acetyl-CoA (C^COSCoA) CDP cytidine diphosphate

CTP cytidine triphosphate

Dig digitoxose

DMAPP dimethylallyl diphosphate

(dimethylallyl pyrophosphate) Enz enzyme

FAD flavin adenine dinucleotide

FADH2 flavin adenine dinucleotide

(reduced) FMN flavin mononucleotide

FMNH2 flavin mononucleotide (reduced) FPP farnesyl diphosphate (farnesyl pyrophosphate) Fru fructose

Gal galactose

GFPP geranylfarnesyl diphosphate

(geranylfarnesyl pyrophosphate) GGPP geranylgeranyl diphosphate

(geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate) Glc glucose

GPP geranyl diphosphate (geranyl pyrophosphate) HA general acid

HMG-CoA p -hydroxy - p -methylglutaryl coenzyme A HSCoA coenzyme A IPP isopentenyl diphosphate

(isopentenyl pyrophosphate) LT leukotriene

Mann mannose

NAD+ nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NADH nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced)

NADP+ nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NADPH nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (reduced) O oxidation - in schemes

P phosphate - in text

P phosphate - in structures

PEP phosphoenolpyruvate PG prostaglandin

PLP pyridoxal 5' -phosphate PP diphosphate

(pyrophosphate) - in text PP diphosphate

(pyrophosphate) - in structures Rha rhamnose Rib ribose

SAM S-adenosyl methionine TDPGlc thymidine diphosphoglucose TPP thiamine diphosphate (thiamine pyrophosphate) TX thromboxane

UDP uridine diphosphate UDPGlc uridine diphosphoglucose UTP uridine triphosphate W - M Wagner - Meerwein rearrangement Xyl xylose hv electromagnetic radiation; usually

UV or visible A heat

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