Conventions Regarding Acids Bases And Ions

In many structures, the abbreviation P is used to represent the phosphate group and PP the diphosphate (or pyrophosphate) group:

acids are shown in unionized form, although they will typically exist as zwitterions:

P (phosphate)

PP (diphosphate)

At physiological pHs, these groups will be ionized as shown, but in schemes where structures are given in full, the unionized acids are usually depicted. This is done primarily to simplify structures, to eliminate the need for counter-ions, and to avoid mechanistic confusion. Likewise, amino

H NH2

R CO2

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Natural Treatments For Psoriasis

Natural Treatments For Psoriasis

Do You Suffer From the Itching and Scaling of Psoriasis? Or the Chronic Agony of Psoriatic Arthritis? If so you are not ALONE! A whopping three percent of the world’s populations suffer from either condition! An incredible 56 million working hours are lost every year by psoriasis sufferers according to the National Psoriasis Foundation.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment