Distinctions between primary and secondary are defined, and the basic building blocks used in the biosynthesis of secondary natural products are introduced. The chemistry underlying how these building blocks are assembled in nature is described, subdivided according to chemical mechanism, including alkylation reactions, Wagner-Meerwein rearrangements, aldol and Claisen reactions, Schiff base formation and Mannich reactions, transaminations, decarboxylations, oxidation and reduction reactions, phenolic oxidative coupling, and glycosylations.
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