Dental Surgery Educational Dvds
These may have occurred in hospitals or, less commonly, dental surgeries. Enquire about any difficulties, for example nausea, vomiting, dreams, awareness, postoperative jaundice. Check the records of previous anaesthetics to rule out or clarify problems such as difficulties with intubation, allergy to drugs given, or adverse reactions (e.g. malignant hyperpyrexia, see below). Some
Depending on the procedure performed, preparing the patient for local anesthesia may or may not be similar to preparing the patient for general anesthesia. For example, administering a local anesthetic for dental surgery or for suturing a small wound may require that the nurse explain to the patient how the anesthetic will be administered, take a patient's allergy history, and when applicable, prepare the area to be anesthetized, which may involve cleaning the area with an antiseptic or shaving the area. Other local anesthetic procedures may require the patient to be in a fasting state because a sedative may also be administered. The nurse may administer an intravenous sedative such as the antianxiety drug diazepam (Valium) (see Chap. 30) during some local anesthetic procedures, such as cataract surgery or surgery performed under spinal anesthesia.
And practicing self-hypnosis is an incredibly rewarding personal growth tool. Beyond that, associating with practitioners from other medical disciplines can be extremely educational and enlightening. In our community, the component section of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis meets bimonthly to discuss advances in and case studies of clinical hypnosis. Besides the formal meetings, this author meets with three other colleagues (a general surgeon, an oral surgeon and a psychiatrist) on a monthly basis to conduct small group practice of hypnotic techniques. We take turns at being the 'operator' and 'subject', videotape the session and review our individual experience. This group has been conducting these sessions since 1993 and the fact that we still meet regularly is testimony to the value of exploring via hypnosis. The second level is achieved by creating a hypnotically calm dental environment in which direct and indirect, verbal and nonverbal, messages are presented to enhance...
Besides the higher (physico-chemical) dissolution rate, TCP can be resorbed in vivo by osteoclasts or macrophages (Figure 2, B). Although the resorption rate of TCP is affected by both macrostructure and microstructure, TCP ceramic is generally considered as a bioresorbable calcium phosphate ceramic 14-20 . Calcium phosphate ceramics were used as dense blocks, porous blocks, powders or particles, in orthopaedic and dental surgery, also applied as BMP carrier and bone tissue engineering scaffold. Due to their poor mechanical properties, calcium phosphate ceramics are only applied in non-loading bony sites. Moreover, calcium phosphate ceramic blocks are too brittle to be trimmed such that they fill the bone defect perfectly, the consequence being retardation of the bone formation. Ceramic particles or granules fill the bone bed well, but confront the problem of particle migration.
The Manual of Aesthetic Surgery has thus come about through tireless work. My clinic at Lake Constance is the largest clinic of its kind in Europe, a training clinic with interdisciplinary cooperation between all specialties that provide a stimulus for aesthetic surgery. Doctors from the disciplines of plastic surgery, ENT and dental surgery, dermatology, aesthetic dentistry, and anti-aging medicine all work in the clinic at Lake Constance. There are also dietary assistants, specialist beauticians, hairstylists, color consultants, and psychologists.
Although dentistry was the second medical discipline where lasers were applied, it basically remained a field of research. Especially in caries therapy - the most frequent dental surgery - conventional mechanical drills are still superior compared to most types of lasers, particularly CW or long-pulse lasers. Only laser systems capable of providing ultrashort pulses might be an alternative to mechanical drills as was recently shown by Niemz et al. (1993b) and Pioch et al. (1994). However, many clinical studies and extensive engineering effort still remain to be done in order to achieve satisfactory results. We should keep in mind that mechanical drills have improved over several decades until the present stage was reached, and that the development of suitable application units for laser radiation also takes time. Other topics of interest in dentistry include laser treatment of soft tissue as well as laser-welding of dental bridges and dentures. In some of these areas, research has...