References

Relax Your Mind

Relaxation Techniques

Get Instant Access

1. Masselli G, Brizi MG, Menchini L et al (2005) Magnetic Resonance Enteroclysis imaging of Crohn's. Radiol Med 110(3):221-233

2. Broglia L, Gigante P, Papi C et al (2003) Magnetic Resonance enteroclysis imaging in Crohn's disease. Radiol Med 106(1-2):28-35

3. Laghi A, Passariello R (2003) Magnetic Resonance in the study of the small bowel. Radiol Med 106(1—2): 1—15

4. Halligan S, Buchanan G (2003) MR imaging of fistula-in-ano. Eur J Radiol 47:98-107

5. Bell SJ, Halligan S, Windsor AC et al (2003) Response of fistulating Crohn's disease to infliximab treatment assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 17:387-393

6. Van Assche G, Vanbeckevoort D, Bielen D et al. (2003) Magnetic resonance imaging of the effects of inflix-imab on perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease. Am J Gastroenterol 98:332-339

7. Gourtsoyiannis N, Papanikolaou N, Grammatikakis J, Prassopoulos P (2002) MR enteroclysis: technical considerations and clinical applications. Eur Radiol 12:2651-2658

8. Low RN, Sebrechts CP, Politoske DA et al (2002) Crohn's disease with endoscopic correlation: singleshot fast spin-echo and gadolinium-enhanced fat-suppressed spoiled gradient-echo MR imaging. Radiology 222:652-660

9. Low RN, Francis IR, Politoske et al (2000) Crohn's disease evaluation: comparison of contrast-enhanced MR imaging and single-phase helical CT scanning. J Magn Reson Imaging 11:127-135

10. Mako EK, Mester AR, Tarjan Z et al (2000) Entero-clysis and spiral CT examination in diagnosis and evaluation of small bowel Crohn's disease. Eur J Radi-ol 35:168-175

Fig. 6. Perirectal fistulas. (a) Coronal T2-weighted rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) shows a trans-sphincteric fistula extending into the fatty tissue of the right ischiorectal fossa and crossing the right elevator ani muscle. (b) Axial Tl-weighted spin-echo image shows a fistulous tract crossing the anal sphincter and extending into the adipose tissue of the right ischiorectal fossas

Fig. 6. Perirectal fistulas. (a) Coronal T2-weighted rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) shows a trans-sphincteric fistula extending into the fatty tissue of the right ischiorectal fossa and crossing the right elevator ani muscle. (b) Axial Tl-weighted spin-echo image shows a fistulous tract crossing the anal sphincter and extending into the adipose tissue of the right ischiorectal fossas

11. Raptopoulos V, Schwartz RK, McNicholas MM et al (1997) Multiplanar helical CT enterography in patients with Crohn's disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol 169:1545-1550

12. Rollandi GA, Curone PF, Biscaldi E et al (1999) Spiral CT of the abdomen after distension of small bowel loops with transparent enema in patients with Crohn's disease. Abdom Imaging 24:544-549

13. Turetschek K, Schober E, Wunderbaldinger P et al (2002) Findings at helical CT-enteroclysis in symptomatic patients with Crohn's disease: correlation with endoscopic and surgical findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr 26:488-492

14. Umschaden HW, Szolar D, Gasser J et al (2002) Small-bowel disease: comparison of MR enteroclysis images with conventional enteroclysis and surgical findings. Radiology 215:717-725

15. Lee J, Marcos HB, Semelka RC (1998) MR imaging of the small bowel using the HASTE sequence. AJR Am J Roentgenol 170:1457-1463

16. Prassopoulos P, Papanikolaou N, Grammatikakis J et al (2001) MR enteroclysis imaging of Crohn's disease. Radiographics 21:S161-S172

17. Debatin JF, Patak MA (1999) MRI of the small and large bowel. Eur Radiol 9:1523-1534

18. Low RN, Francis IR (1997) MR imaging of the gastrointestinal tract with i.v., gadolinium and diluted barium oral contrast media compared with unen-hanced MR imaging and CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol 169:1051-1059

19. Umschaden HW, Gasser J (2003) MR enteroclysis. Radiol Clin North Am 41:231-248

20. Giovagnoni A, Fabbri A, Maccioni F (2002) Oral contrast agents in MRI of the gastrointestinal tract. Abdom Imaging 27:367-375

21. Papanikolaou N, Prassopoulos P, Grammatikakis J et al (2002) Optimization of a contrast medium suitable for conventional enteroclysis, MR enteroclysis, and virtual MR enteroscopy. Abdom Imaging 27:517-522

22. Maccioni F, Viscido A, Marini M, Caprilli R (2002) MRI evaluation of Crohn's disease of the small and large bowel with the use of negative superparamagnetic oral contrast agents. Abdom Imaging 27:384-393

23. Holzknecht N, Helmberger T, von Ritter C et al (1998). Breathhold MRI of the small bowel in Crohn's disease after enteroclysis with oral magnetic particles. Radiologe 38:29-36

24. Mattrey RF, Trambert MA, Brown JJ et al (1994) Per-flubron as an oral contrast agent for MR imaging: results of a phase III clinical trial. Radiology 191:841-848

25. Rieber A, Aschoff A, Nussle K et al (2000) MRI in the diagnosis of small bowel disease: use of positive and negative oral contrast media in combination with enteroclysis. Eur Radiol 10:1377-1382

26. Kivelitz D, Gehl HB, Heuck A et al (1999) Ferric ammonium citrate as a positive bowel contrast agent for MR imaging of the upper abdomen: safety and diagnostic efficacy. Acta Radiol 40:429-435

27. Marcos HB, Semelka RC (2000) Evaluation of Crohn's disease using halffourier RARE and gadolinium-enhanced SGE sequences: initial results. Magn Reson Imaging 18:263-268

28. Low RN, Francis IR, Politoske D, Bennett M (2000) Crohn's disease evaluation: comparison of contrast-enhanced MR imaging and single-phase helical CT scanning. J Magn Reson Imaging 11:127-135

29. Shoenut JP, Semelka RC, Silverman R (1993) Magnetic resonance imaging in inflammatory bowel disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 17:73-78

30. Shoenut JP, Semelka RC, Magro CM (1994). Comparison of magnetic resonance imaging and endoscopy in distinguishing the type and severity of inflammatory bowel disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 19:31-35

31. Daldrup H, Shames DM, Wendland M et al (1998) Correlation of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging with histologic tumor grade: comparison of macro-molecular and small-molecular contrast media. AJR 171:941-949

32. Best WR, Becktel JM, Singleton JW, Kern F (1976) Development of a Crohn's disease activity index: National Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study. Gastroenterology 70:439-444

33. Maccioni F, Viscido A, Broglia L et al (2000) Evaluation of Crohn's disease activity with magnetic resonance imaging. Abdom Imaging 25:219-228

34. Horsthuis K, Lavini Mphil C, Stoker J (2005) MRI in Crohn's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging 22( 1): 1-12

35. Schunk K, Kern A, Oberholzer K et al (2000) Hydro-MRI in Crohn's disease: appraisal of disease activity. Invest Radiol 35:431-437

36. Lomas DJ, Graves MJ (1999) Small bowel MRI using water as a contrast medium. Br J Radiol 72:994-997

37. Prassopoulos P, PapanikolaouN, Grammatikakis J et al (2001) MR Enteroclysis Imaging of Crohn's Disease. Radiographics 21:S161-S172

38. Furukawa A, Saotome T, Yamasaki M et al (2004) Cross-sectional imaging in Crohn's disease. Radi-ographics 24(3):689-702

39. Koh DM, Miao Y, Chinn RJ et al (2001) MR imaging evaluation of the activity of Crohn's disease. AJR 177(6):1325-1332

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Relaxation Audio Sounds Autumn In The Forest

Relaxation Audio Sounds Autumn In The Forest

This is an audio all about guiding you to relaxation. This is a Relaxation Audio Sounds with sounds from Autumn In The Forest.

Get My Free MP3 Audio


Post a comment