References

1. Crohn BB, Ginzburg L, Oppenheimer GD (1932) Regional ileitis: a pathologic and clinical entity. JAMA 99:1323-1329

2. Sonnenberg A, McCarty DJ, Jacobsen SJ (1991) Geographic variation of inflammatory bowel disease within the United States. Gastroenterology 100:143-149

3. Wolters FL, Russel MG, Stockbrugger RW (2004) Systematic review: has disease outcome in Crohn's disease changed during the last four decades? Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20:483-496

4. Penner R, Madsen K Fedorak R (2005) Postoperative Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis 11:765-777

5. Cuillerier E, Lemann M, Bouhnik Y et al (2001) Aza-thioprine for prevention of postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease: a retrospective study. Eur Gas-troenterol Hepatol 13:1291-1296

6. Mekhjian HS, Switz DM, Watts HD et al (1979) National Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study: factors determining recurrence of Crohn's disease after surgery. Gastroenterology 77:907-913

7. Kotanagi H, Kramer K, Fazio VW et al (1991) Do microscopic abnormalities at resection margins correlate with increased anastomotic recurrence in Crohn's disease? Retrospective analysis of 100 cases. Dis Colon Rectum 34:909-916

8. McLeod RS, Wolff BG, Steinhart AH et al (1997) Risk and significance of endoscopic/radiological evidence of recurrent Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology 113:1823-1827

9. Whelan G, Farmer RG, Fazio VW et al (1985) Recurrence after surgery in Crohn's disease. Relationship to location of disease (clinical pattern) and surgical indication. Gastroenterology 88:1826-1833

10. Farmer RG, Whelan G, Fazio VW (1985) Long-term follow-up of patients with Crohn's disease: relationship between the clinical pattern and prognosis. Gastroenterology 88:1818-1825

11. Rutgeerts P, Geboes K, Vantrappen G et al (1990) Predictability of the postoperative course of Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology 99:956-963

12. De Jong E, van Dullemen HM, Slors JF et al (1996) Correlation between early recurrence and reoperation after ileocolonic resection in Crohn's disease: a prospective study. J Am Coll Surg 182:503-508

13. Michelassi F, Balestracci T, Chappell R et al (1991) Primary and recurrent Crohn's disease: experience with 1379 patients. Ann Surg 214:230-240

14. Bernell O, Lapidus A, Hellers G (2000) Risk factors for surgery and postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease. Ann Surg 231:38-45

15. Ryan WR, Allan RN, Yamamoto T et al (2004) Crohn's disease patients who quit smoking have a reduced risk of reoperation for recurrence. Am J Surg 187:219-225

16. Anseline PF, Wlodarczyk J, Murugasu R (1997) Presence of granulomas is associated with recurrence after surgery for Crohn's disease: experience of a surgical unit. Br J Surg 84:78-82

17. Greenway SE, Buckmire MA, Marroquin C et al (1999) Clinical subtypes of Crohn's disease according to surgical outcome. J Gastrointest Surg 3:145-151

18. Fazio VW, Marchetti F, Church M et al (1996) Effect of resection margins on the recurrence of Crohn's disease in the small bowel: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 224:563-557

19. Dietz DW, Laureti S, Strong SA et al (2001) Safety and long-term efficacy of strictureplasty in 314 patients with obstructing small-bowel Crohn's disease. J Am Coll Surg 192:330-338

20. Yamamoto T, Bain IM, Allan RN et al (1999) An audit of strictureplasty for small-bowel Crohn's disease. Dis Colon Rectum 42:797-803

21. Munoz-Juarez M, Yamamoto T, Wolff BG et al (2001) Wide-lumen stapled anastomosis vs. conventional end-to-end anastomosis in the treatment of Crohn's disease. Dis Colon Rectum 44:20-26

22. Kusunoki M, Ikeuchi H, Yanagi H et al (1998) A comparison of stapled and hand-sewn anastomoses in Crohn's disease. Dig Surg 15:679-682

23. Tersigni R, Alessandroni L, Barreca M et al (2003) Does stapled functional end-to-end anastomosis affect recurrence of Crohn's disease after ileocolonic resection? Hepatogastroenterology 50:1422-1425

24. Hollaar GL, Gooszen HG, Post S et al (1995) Perioperative blood transfusion does not prevent recurrence in Crohn's disease: a pooled analysis. J Clin Gastroenterol 21:134-138

25. Lochs H, Mayer M, Fleig WE et al (2000) Prophylaxis of postoperative relapse in Crohn's disease with mesalamine: European Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study VI. Gastroenterology 118:264-273

26. McLeod RS, Wolff BG, Steinhart AH et al (1995) Prophylactic mesalamine treatment decreases postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology 109:404-413

27. Caprilli R, Cottone M, Tonelli F et al (2003) Two mesalazine regimens in the prevention of the postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease: a pragmatic, double-blind randomized controlled trial. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 17:517-523

28. Hanauer SB, Korelitz BI, Rutgeerts P et al (2004) Postoperative maintenance of Crohn's disease remission with 6-mercaptopurine, mesalamine, or placebo: a 2-year trial. Gastroenterology 127:723-729

29. Camma C, Giunta M, Rosselli M et al (1997) Mesalamine in the maintenance treatment of Crohn's disease: a meta-analysis adjusted for confounding variables. Gastroenterology 113:1465-1473

30. Steinhart AH, Ewe K, Griffiths AM et al (2003) Corti-costeroids for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4:CD000301

31. Brattsand R (1990) Overview of newer glucocorticoid preparations for inflammatory bowel disease. Can J Gastroenterol 4:407-414

32. Hellers G, Cortot A, Jewell D et al (1999) Oral budes-onide for prevention of postsurgical recurrence in Crohn's disease: the IOIBD Budesonide Study Group. Gastroenterology 116:294-300

33. Rutgeerts P, Hiele M, Geboes K et al (1995) Controlled trial of metronidazole treatment for prevention of Crohn's recurrence after ileal resection. Gastroenterology 108:1617-1621

34. Rutgeerts P, Van Assche G, Vermeire S et al (2005) Ornidazole for prophylaxis of postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gastroenterology 128:856-861

35. Pearson DC, May GR, Fick G et al (2000) Azathioprine for maintaining remission of Crohn's disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD000067

36. Domenech E, Scala L, Bernal I et al (2004) Azathioprine and mesalazine in the prevention of postsurgical recurrence of Crohn's disease: a retrospective study. Gastroenterol Hepatol 27:563-567

37. Cuillerier E, Lemann M, Bouhnik Y et al (2001) Aza-thioprine for prevention of postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease: a retrospective study. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 13:1291-1296

38. Hanauer SB, Korelitz BI, Rutgeerts P et al (2004) Postoperative maintenance of Crohn's disease remission with 6-mercaptopurine, mesalamine, or placebo: a 2-year trial. Gastroenterology 127:723-729

39. Ardizzone S, Maconi G, Sampietro GM et al (2004) Azathioprine and mesalamine for prevention of relapse after conservative surgery for Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology 127:730-740

40. Sandborn WJ, Feagan BG (2004) The efficacy of aza-thioprine and 6-mercaptopurine for the prevention of postoperative recurrence in patients with Crohn's disease remains uncertain. Gastroenterology 127:990-993

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Mole Removal

Mole Removal

Moles, warts, and other unsightly irregularities of the skin can be bothersome and even embarrassing. They can be removed naturally... Removing Warts and Moles Naturally! If you have moles, warts, and other skin irregularities that you cannot cover up affecting the way you look, you can have them removed. Doctors can be extremely expensive. Learn the natural ways you can remove these irregularities in the comfort of your own home.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment