In contrast to IPAA complications that may result in pouch dysfunction or small-bowel obstruction, there are various complications that usually do not end in pouch dysfunction or excision. However, they may produce various signs and symptoms that interfere with the patients' health and quality of life and may require investigation, follow-up and treatment by both surgeon and gastroenterologist. Some of these conditions are related to the defunctionalised stage, i.e. the ileostomy, which are not discussed herein. Amongst the complications that may occur in the long-term follow-up of these patients, some merit specific attention.
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