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Chapter 1: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN THE UNITED STATES AND PREVENTION APPROACHES

List of Figures

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Figure 1-1: Health expenditures for cardiovascular diseases, United States, 1999 (includes expenditures for hospital, home, and nursing home care; physician and other professionals; and drugs). (From the American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Insitute.2)

Figure 1-2: Age-adjusted death rates for selected causes of death; United States,1950-1997 (adjusted to U.S. population 2000) CVD, cardiovascular disease; CHD, coronary heart disease. (From Vital Statistics of the United States, National Center for Health Statistics.) Figure 1-3: Prevalence of MI and angina pectoris by age and sex, United States, 19881994 (self-reported myocardial infarction and Rose angina from health interviews). MI, myocardial infarction. (From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 19881994, National Center for Health Statistics.)

Figure 1-4: Percentage of MIs that are unrecognized (Framingham Study 44-year follow-up of cohort and 20-year follow-up of offspring).

Figure 1-5: Percentage of CHD deaths as sudden deaths (Framingham Study 44-year follow-up of cohort and 20-year follow-up of offspring).

Figure 1-6: Percentage of sudden deaths without prior CHD (Framingham Study 44-year follow-up of cohort and 20-year follow-up of offspring). Figure 1-7: Percentage dead within 1 year following initial cardiovascular event (Framingham Study 44-year follow-up of cohort and 20-year follow-up of offspring). Figure 1-8: Prevalence of hypertension by age, race, and sex; United States, 1988-1994 (hypertension: 140/90 mmHg or greater or on antihypertensive medication). (From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Center for Health Statistics.) Figure 1-9: Prevalence of stroke and CHF by age and sex, United States, 1988-1994 (self-reported stroke and congestive heart failure from health interviews). (From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Center for Health Statistics.)

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