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% ome people who fish don't \ use worms or minnows as vJbait.They use lures, which are fake animals. Most lures are called flies, even though they might be made to imitate minnows, frogs, beetles, grasshoppers, ants, aquatic insects, and their larvae. Some fishing flies are smaller than your pinkie nail, while others are bigger than your whole thumb. Some flies are made to sink to the bottom of the water, and others float or are skipped along the surface. Fly-tying is a hobby, an art, and a business. Anglers (people who fish) tie a similar but smaller version of the pattern below to use when they are fishing for bluegill.

Materials

Scissors Sponge

Wire hanger hook (left over from making sweep net on page 71)

This fly was made to look like a caddisfly. It would be used to attract trout and other insect-eating fish. Fly tied by Craig Evans

Glue

1 18-inch (46-cm) piece of yarn

2 twist ties (from loaves of bread) 2 plastic eyes

18 inch piece of yarn

18 inch piece of yarn

sponge body

twist ties yarn wrapped hook yarn wrapped hook

inch piece of yarn glue extra yarn

twist ties

Cut the sponge into a triangle about 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide and 1^2 (4 cm) inches long to make the body of your bug. Use the tip of your scissors to make a deep line down the center of the

wet fly
nymph
basspepper

biggest side of the sponge, without cutting all the way through. Set the sponge aside. Starting at the tip of the straight part of the wire (shank), apply a 1-inch (2.5-cm) line of glue. Place one inch (2.5 cm) of the long piece of yarn on the glue, with the remaining part hanging off the tip. After the glue dries, hold the hook part of the wire in one hand, and wrap the hanging piece of yarn around the wire, starting at the glued tip and ending on the hook tip. Wrap any leftover yarn back over already wrapped wire, and glue it in place.

Bend the small piece of yarn in half, and glue it over the middle of the shank. This will make the middle legs of your big bug. Squeeze a line of glue in the slit you made in the sponge. Position the sponge so that the yarn legs will be under the middle of it and the narrow tip points toward the shank tip of the wire. Press the sponge down on the wire. Wrap one twist tie about one-third of the way past the tip of the sponge to make the head and the first pair of legs.Wrap the second twist tie about two-thirds of the back to separate the thorax and abdomen and create the third pair of legs. Glue eyes on the front and your big bug fishing fly is done.

After you have made a basic bug, you can create fancier flies by decorating your sponge or adding small feathers and bits of fur under the twist ties.

Mayfly

Mayfly Mania

In the summertime, you might head to a river or lake only to find it, and you, covered with flying insects. Before you start swatting, look closely to see how many tails the pests have. If they have two or three long tails, you are in the midst of mayfly mania.

Mayflies spend most of their lives as nymphs underwater. The nymphs have two or three tails, too. Sometimes millions of mayfly nymphs undergo their last molt and emerge as adults on the same day. There are true stories of so many mayflies covering roads that drivers have to turn their headlights on during the day.

But the mania is short-lived. Mayfly adults do not have working mouthparts, so they only live for one to three days. This is just long enough to find a mate, lay eggs, and provide a feast for the birds, bats, fishes, and frogs in the area.

Mayfly

Materials

index cards Scissors Pen

Envelope

Cut the index cards in half so that you have 4 2!^-by-3-inch (6.3-by-7.6-cm) cards.Write the following actions based on insect collections, one to a card. Place all four cards (including the blank one) into the envelope for safekeeping until you are ready to create your Insectigations! game.

• Tourist has started a moth collection. If a roll of any insect die shows you're a moth, go back to start.

Angler is looking for bait. If a roll of any insect die shows you could live under a rock, go back 4 spaces. Entomologist doing a land survey discovers you are an endangered species.Your land is protected, so move ahead 10 spaces.

While finding, catching, and keeping insects is a lot of fun, sometimes it feels good just to sit back and let the insects come to you. Learn how to make your yard an insect magnet with plants, puddles, and shelters in the next chapter on insect gardening.

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