Aniseed Species

The Pimpinella and Illicium species are two genera that give the material commonly known as anise and star anise. Burnet saxifrage is also a well-known species of the Pimpinella genus, though it is neither burnet nor saxifrage. The genus Pimpinella (family: Umbelliferae) includes

P. alba P. alpinum

P. angelicaefolium Lam. [= Aegopodium podagraria L.], goatweed P. anisum L. [Syn. Anisum vulgare Gaertn., A. officinarum Moench., P. aromaticum Bieb.], anise, aniseed, sweet cumin, anis, anason, anasur, anise seed, anison, anisu, anisum, anisoon, kleiner anis, susser kummel, anis vert, fruit d'anis, maha-duru, anisi fructus, sweet fennel, anysun, saunf, yan kok, and jintan manis (see Figure 1.1) P anisum Willd. P aromatica Bieb. P caffra P. diversifolia

P. domingensis Willd. [= Ciclospermum leptophylum var. leptophylum] P. involucrata

P. leptophylla Pers. [= Ciclospermum leptophylum var. leptophylum] P. maggiore [= Sanguisorba officinalis] P. magna, Greater burnet

P major L. (Hudson), [Syn. P. magna?], great burnet, greater burnet saxifrage P. peregrina L.

P. saxifraga, small burnet, saxifrage, burnet saxifrage, lesser burnet, petit boucage, boucage saxifrage, kleine bibernelle, small pimpernel; and in Shropshire, England, known as bennet and old man's plaything (Grigson, 1996); the old medieval name was dipinella

Chinese Anise

FIGURE 1.1 P. anisum

P. schweinfurthii P. thellugiana Wolff P. villosa P. wallichiana

The genus Illicium (family Magnoliaceae) includes

I. anisatum Lour. I. difengpi K.I.B. et K.I.M. I. dunnianum Tutch. I. floridanum I. griffithii I. henryi Diels.

I. lanceolatum A.C. Smith [= I. religiosum Sieb. et Zuce., I. anisatum] I. majus I. modestum I. parviflorum

I. religiosum Sieb. et Zuce [Syn. I. anisatum], Japanese anise, Japanese star anise, bastard anise, shikimi I. san-ki Perr. I. simonsii Maxim. I. tashiroi

I. verum Hook. [Syn. I. anisatum, Anisi stellatum], anice stellato, aniseed stars, badiana, stermanis, anise ├ętoile, Chinese star anise, Chinese anise, eight-horned anise, eight horns, star anise, pak kok, bunga lawang, poy kak bua

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