Chameleon Care Guide

Chameleon Care Guide

Thinking of buying a chameleon or already own one? This book will save you hours and hours of frustrating research and will also eliminate the worries and stress that come with reading something online and not knowing whether to trust it or not. Discover what is involved in keeping and breeding healthy chameleons! Here is just some of what you will learn: How to keep chameleons healthy and happy. What kinds of food they like and don't like (and what food is toxic to them!) How to create an ideal environment for your pet chameleon and the one object you should Never place near your chameleon! How to set up an efficient watering system and ensure your chameleon stays hydrated. How to feed your chameleon and what you should Never feed them! Things you should never do with a chameleon. How to bond with your chameleons and how to handle them properly and safely. How to Identify, Treat, and Prevent Medical Conditions, Including Metabolic Bone Disease, Mouthrot (Stomatitis), and Egg Retention. Read more...

Chameleon Care Guide Summary


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Author: Robert Jones
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All of the information that the author discovered has been compiled into a downloadable book so that purchasers of Chameleon Care Guide can begin putting the methods it teaches to use as soon as possible.

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Three Representative Chameleon Species

Common chameleons (Chamaeleo chameleon chameleon) inhabit southern Spain, northern Africa, and the Mediterranean coast of the Middle East. Arboreal, they grow to ten-inch body lengths, with ten-inch tails and ten-inch tongues. They eat Flap-necked chameleons (Chamaeleo dilepts dilepts) are named for skin folds near their necks and ears. They are arboreal and inhabit South Africa. They eat insects, spiders, and scorpions, and grow up to about fourteen inches long. These chameleons change color extensively, starting from a mix of brown and yellow. Panther chameleons (Chamaeleo pardalis) of Madagascar are arboreal, grow to twelve inches long, and eat insects. They are aggressive and territorial, named for their ferocity, and fighting between males is to the death. Females lay thirty to fifty eggs. Chameleons are not harmful to humans. They are actually ecologically beneficial, eating many insect pests. Chameleons are also thought desirable pets by many people. However, they are difficult...

Life Cycle of Chameleons

Exceptions include pygmy (stump-tailed) chameleons, which are small, ground-living, and lack prehensile tails. Male chameleons are territorial. In many cases, male invaders of a territory are fought actively and the battle ends in the death of one male. In some cases, the combat is ritual, though the male who is faced down leaves. Males and females are solitary, coming together only to mate. Most color changes indicate breeding intentions, pregnancy, or, on the part of females, disinterest. Regardless of species, chameleons mate year round. Females can lay fertilized eggs several years after mating because they store sperm and can delay their fertilization. Young chameleons break out of their eggs via egg teeth, designed for this purpose. The egg teeth later fall out, as they have no other use. Chameleons live for five to ten years, if they reach old age.


Chameleons, the family Chamaeleontidae, have long, sticky tongues to capture prey. Other unique characteristics include eyes that operate independently of each other, leaflike body shapes, ability to change skin color, zygodactyly, and prehensile tails. Chameleons are a group of over one hundred lizard species living in Madagascar, Africa, Asia, and Europe. They are famous for the ability to change color, first noted in the third century b.c.e. by Aristotle. In most cases, chameleons are brown, green, or yellow. Their skins can change to almost any combination of those colors, as well as to pinks, reds, blues, and purples. Chameleon species are mostly arboreal. They inhabit southern Spain, Crete, the Saudi Arabian peninsula, Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Pakistan, and most of Africa. North American color-changing lizards, particularly anoles, are wrongly called chameleons. Physical Characteristics of Chameleons Chameleon maximum body lengths range from one inch to three feet,...

Chameleon Facts

Family Chamaeleontidae (chameleons) Bartlett, Richard, and Patricia Bartlett. Chameleons Everything About Selection, Care, Nutrition, Diseases, Breeding, and Behavior. Hauppauge, N.Y. Barron's, 1995. An informative guide to keeping chameleons as pets. Davison, Linda J. Chameleons Their Care and Breeding. Blaine, Wash. Hancock House, 1997. An interesting book on chameleon natural history and keeping these lizards as pets. Martin, James. Masters of Disguise A Natural History of Chameleons. New York Facts on File, 1992. An authoritative, illustrated text providing much information on chameleon natural history and a solid bibliography. Necas, Petr. Chameleons Nature's Hidden Jewels. Malabar, Fla. Krieger, 1999. Avery extensive text on chameleons, holding a huge amount of information, bibliographic data, many illustrations, and maps.

Reptiles and Amphibians

The reptiles are better represented, with approximately 260 species identified. The lizards (subclass Lepidosauria, order Squamata, suborder Sauria) comprise the largest diversity, and include Madagascar's famous chameleons, whose color-changing ability, multidirectional vision, sharpshooting tongues, and V-shaped feet make them fascinating subjects. Madagascar is home to the majority of the world's chameleon species. Fifty-four species inhabit the island. The parsonii are the world's largest chameleons, and the pardalis is the most common. They eat insects as well as small birds and lizards. The sixty-three species of geckos include those with perfect camouflage as well as brightly colored ones. Iguanas inhabit only the dry regions. Skinks and girdle-tailed lizards are widespread.

Reptilian lineages diverged

34.19 Reptilian Diversity (a) The green sea turtle is widely distributed in tropical oceans. (b) This tuatara represents one of only two surviving species in a lineage that separated from lizards long ago. (c) The African chameleon, a lizard, has large eyes that move independ

Carnivores must detect capture and kill prey

Adaptations for killing and ingesting prey are diverse and highly specialized. These adaptations can be especially important when the prey are capable of inflicting damage on the predator. A snake may strike with poisonous fangs, using its venom to immobilize its prey before ingesting it. To swallow large prey, a snake disengages its lower jaw from its joint with the skull (Figure 50.6). The tentacles of jellyfishes, the long, sticky tongues of chameleons, and the webs of spiders are other fascinating examples of adaptations for capturing and immobilizing prey. Some predators digest their prey externally. For example, a spider may inject its insect prey with digestive enzymes and then suck out the liquefied contents, leaving behind the empty exoskeletons frequently seen in old spider webs.

Octopus The Master Deceiver

Zebras Predators And Prey

Some animals such as chameleons (and anoles, which are mistakenly called chameleons) are famous for changing their color to match the background. Anoles can change from whitish to gray, brown, or green to match the sand, branches, or foliage where they rest. Some fish can go one better, creating complex disruptive color patterns to match different kinds of blotchy sand, rock, or coral backgrounds. The master of deception, however, is the octopus. No vertebrate can match the octopus in terms of the speed with which it changes color, the number of patterns it can create, or the variety of shapes and textures that it can take on.

Large Item Ingestion

In contrast to herbivores, many animals capture other animals and eat them. To be effective, these carnivorous predators must have appropriate behavioral adaptations to find and capture prey as well as specialized structures to seize and hold their victims. Jellyfish use tentacles that are equipped with stinging cells to grasp and subdue animals, whereas the tentacles of squid and octopuses have suction-cup-like structures to grasp and manipulate prey. The giant water bug is a carnivorous insect that hunts and captures small fish, relatively large prey for an insect. To do this, water bugs use their legs to seize and hold fish, and their piercing mouthparts to suck juices from their victims. Fish, amphibians, and reptiles have pointed teeth to seize and hold prey. It also is common for many of them to swallow their food whole. Snakes, for example, swallow whole items such as birds' eggs and small mammals. In addition, a snake's jaws are held together by elastic ligaments, permitting...

Other Effectors

Lever Systems The Human Body

Chromatophores enable squids, sole, and flounder, all of which spend much time on the seafloor, as well as the famous chameleons (a group of African lizards see Figure 34.19) and a few other animals, to blend in with the background on which they are resting and thus escape discovery by predators. Chromatophores with different pigments enable animals to assume different hues or to become mottled to match the background more precisely. In other mollusks, fishes, and lizards, a color change sends a signal to potential mates and territorial rivals of the same species.


Seahorse Species

First, they swim upright and poorly. They lack the tail fin that provides other fish with most of their swimming power instead seahorses use a small dorsal fin to move forward, pectoral fins near the head to turn and steer, and a swim bladder to move up or down in the water. Second, their shape is unique They have a pronounced horse-shaped head at a right angle to their rough body, and a prehensile tail. Their snout is adapted for aspirating passing crustaceans, filtering the water through their gills. Their eyes move independently, permitting them to observe prey and their environment without moving. Their body is prickly and knobby, due to bony rings perpendicular to their backbones. Their tail permits them to anchor themselves by grasping vegetation or coral. Third, as they use camouflage to escape predators, they can grow tendrils from their skin to look like sea plants and, like chameleons, can change color to match their surroundings. They can...

Hair Raising Response

Skin pigments help to limit the amount of damaging ultraviolet light or irradiation to which the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in the mitotic cells and the underlying tissues are exposed. Melanocytes located in the epithelium of mammals produce a brown-black pigment called melanin. They are the only pigment-producing cells in most mammals. In addition to epithelial melanocytes, amphibians, fish, reptiles, and birds have other types of pigment-producing cells which are located in the dermis. Examples are lipophores, which use carotene, a naturally occurring pigment in food, to synthesize yellow, orange, and red pigments, and iridophores, which use molecules called purines to synthesize pigments that are iridescent. The amount of pigment produced, the final location of the pigment in the cells, and the combination of cells producing it result in a range of body and feather coloration. Chromatophores account for the changes in body color that allow...

Studying Ingestion

Videotape and photographic film are routinely used to supplement simple observation. These procedures not only provide a permanent record of the event but also permit additional analysis to be conducted at some future time. Further, feeding mechanisms that occur very quickly are difficult to analyze with the naked eye. These events can be recorded by high-speed cinematography and later played back at a slower speed for analysis. This method of study has been used to observe the lightning-fast movement of a chameleon's tongue and the way bats catch insects with their wing membranes while in flight. Alternatively, very slow feeding events, such as endocytosis or a snake swallowing a rat, can be recorded by time-lapse photography and later viewed at a faster speed for analysis.

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