The oral antidiabetic drugs are used to treat patients with type 2 diabetes that is not controlled by diet and exercise alone. These drugs are not effective for treating type 1 diabetes. Five types of oral antidiabetic drugs are currently in use:
• Sulfonylureas (glimepiride, glyburide)
• Biguanides (metformin)
• Alpha (a)-glucosidase inhibitors (acarbose, migli-tol)
• Meglitinides (nateglinide, repaglinide)
• Thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone, rosiglitazone)
Additional drugs are listed in the Summary Drug Table: Antidiabetic Drugs.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...