Another group of antihyperlipidemic drugs are called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl coenzyme A) reductase is an enzyme that is a catalyst (a substance that accelerates a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a change) in the manufacture of cholesterol. These drugs appear to have one of two activities, namely, inhibiting the manufacture of cholesterol or promoting the breakdown of cholesterol. This drug activity lowers the blood levels of cholesterol and serum triglycerides and increases blood levels of HDLs. Examples of these drugs are fluvastatin (Lescol), lovastatin (Mevacor), and simvastatin (Zocor).
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