Display 471 Common Disorders Associated With the Urinary System

Cyst/t/s-inflammation of the bladder Urethr/t/s_inflammation of the urethra Prostat/t/sUnflammation of the male prostate gland Pye/onephr/t/sUnflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis

Diaphragm Liver Adrenal gland

Right kidney Right ureter

Figure 47-1. The normal urinary system, male and female. (Source: Wynsbergke, D., Noback, C. & Carola, R. [1995]. Human anatomy & physiology [3rd ed., p. 889]. New York: McGraw-Hill.)

Urinary bladder

Urethera

Penis (male)

Diaphragm Liver Adrenal gland

Right kidney Right ureter

Urinary bladder

Urethera

Penis (male)

Anatomy Urethera

Prostate gland (male) Vagina (female)

_ Renal artery Renal vein

Abdominal aorta

Left kidney Left ureter

Prostate gland (male) Vagina (female)

Examples of urinary anti-infectives include cinoxacin (Cinobac), fosfomycin (Monurol), methenamine mande-late (Mandelamine), nalidixic acid (NegGram), and nitrofurantoin (Furadantin).

Additional drugs can be used in the treatment of UTIs. Examples of these drugs include ampicillin

(see Chap. 7), the cephalosporins (see Chap. 8), sulfonamides (see Chap. 6), and norfloxacin (see Chap. 10). Combination drugs are also available. The Summary Drug Table: Urinary Anti-infectives gives examples of the combination drugs used for UTIs.

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