Bile Acid Sequestrants

Cholestyramine (Questran) and colestipol (Colestid) are examples of bile acid sequestrants. Bile, which is manufactured and secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder, emulsifies fat and lipids as these products pass through the intestine. Once emulsified, fats and lipids are readily absorbed in the intestine. These drugs bind to bile acids to form an insoluble substance that cannot be absorbed by the intestine, so it is secreted in the feces. With increased loss of bile acids, the...

Uses Of The Antidiabetic Drugs

The oral antidiabetic drugs are of value only in the treatment of patients with type 2 (NIDDM) diabetes mellitus whose condition cannot be controlled by diet alone. These drugs may also be used with insulin in the management of some patients with diabetes mellitus. Use of an oral antidiabetic drug with insulin may decrease the insulin dosage in some individuals. Two oral antidiabetic drugs (eg, a sulfonylurea and metformin) may also be used together when one antidiabetic drug and diet do not...

Antianxiety Drugs

Antianxiety drugs anxiety anxiolytics benzodiazepine withdrawal On completion of this chapter, the student will Name the three types of psychotherapeutic drugs. Discuss the uses, general drug actions, general adverse reactions, contraindications, precautions, and interactions associated with the administration of the antianxiety drugs. Discuss important preadministration and ongoing assessment activities the nurse should perform on the patient taking antianxiety drugs. List some nursing...