List of Abbreviations

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AAGBI Association of Anaesthetists of Great

Britain & Ireland ADH antidiuretic hormone AED automated external defibrillator ALS advanced life support ALT alanine aminotransferase APC activated protein C APPT activated partial thromboplastin time ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists AST aspartate aminotransferase ATN acute tubular necrosis BLS basic life support BNF British National Formulary CAVH continuous arteriovenous haemofiltration CBF cerebral blood flow CCU coronary care unit CLCR creatinine clearance CNS central nervous system COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COX cyclo-oxygenase enzymes (COX-1, 2) CPAP continuous positive airway pressure CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation CSF cerebrospinal fluid CT computerized tomography CVP central venous pressure CVS cardiovascular system CVVH venovenous haemofiltration DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation DNAR do not attempt resuscitation ECF extracellular fluid EMLA eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics ENT ear, nose and throat FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second FFP fresh frozen plasma FRC functional residual capacity FVC forced vital capacity GCS Glasgow Coma Scale GFR glomerular filtration rate GGT gamma glutamyl transferase

GI gastrointestinal

GTN glyceryl trinitrate

HAFOE high airflow oxygen enrichment

HDU high dependency unit

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

HR heart rate

HRT hormone replacement therapy

ICP intracranial pressure

ICU intensive care unit

I:E inspiratory:expiratory

ILM intubating LMA

IM intramuscular

INR international normalized ratio

IPPV intermittent positive pressure ventilation

IR immediate release

ITU intensive therapy unit

IV intravenous

IVRA intravenous regional anaesthesia

JVP jugular venous pressure

LMA laryngeal mask airway

LVEDP left ventricular end-diastolic pressure

M6G morphine-6-glucuronide

MAC minimum alveolar concentration

MAP mean arterial pressure

MET Medical Emergency Team

MH malignant hyperpyrexia (hyperthermia)

MI myocardial infarction

MOFS multiple organ failure syndrome

MR modified release

MRI magnetic resonance imaging

MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NICE National Institute for Clinical Excellence

NIPPV non-invasive positive pressure ventilation

OCP oral contraceptive pill

PAFC pulmonary artery flotation catheter

PCA patient-controlled analgesia

PCV pressure-controlled ventilation

PEA pulseless electrical activity

PEEP positive end expiratory pressure

PEFR peak expiratory flow rate PHN postherpetic neuralgia PMGV piped medical gas and vacuum system PONV postoperative nausea and vomiting PT prothrombin time RS respiratory system RSI rapid sequence induction SIMV synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation

SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome Spo2 oxygenation of the peripheral tissues SVR systemic vascular resistance

TCI target controlled infusion

TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

TIVA total intravenous anaesthesia

TNF tumour necrosis factor

TOE transoesophageal echocardiography

TOF train-of-four

TPN total parenteral nutrition

VF ventricular fibrillation

VIE vacuum-insulated evaporator

V/Q ventilation/perfusion

VT ventricular tachycardia

Lecture Notes: Clinical Anaesthesia

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Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

Have You Been Told Over And Over Again That You Snore A Lot, But You Choose To Ignore It? Have you been experiencing lack of sleep at night and find yourself waking up in the wee hours of the morning to find yourself gasping for air?

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