Neural Control Mechanisms

The Peripheral Neuropathy Solution

Dr. Labrum Peripheral Neuropathy Solution

Get Instant Access

SECTION A NEURAL TISSUE

Structure and Maintenance of

Neurons Functional Classes of Neurons Glial Cells

Neural Growth and Regeneration

SECTION A SUMMARY SECTION A KEY TERMS SECTION A REVIEW QUESTIONS

SECTION B

MEMBRANE POTENTIALS Basic Principles of Electricity The Resting Membrane Potential Graded Potentials and Action Potentials Graded Potentials Action Potentials

SECTION B SUMMARY SECTION B KEY TERMS SECTION B REVIEW QUESTIONS

SECTION C SYNAPSES

Functional Anatomy of Synapses

Excitatory Chemical Synapses Inhibitory Chemical Synapses Activation of the Postsynaptic Cell

Synaptic Effectiveness

Modification of Synaptic Transmission by Drugs and Disease Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators

Acetylcholine Biogenic Amines Amino Acid Neurotransmitters Neuropeptides Miscellaneous Neuroeffector Communication

SECTION C SUMMARY SECTION C KEY TERMS SECTION C REVIEW QUESTIONS

SECTION D

STRUCTURE OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

Central Nervous System: Spinal Cord

Central Nervous System: Brain

Brainstem Cerebellum Forebrain Peripheral Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System Blood Supply, Blood-Brain Barrier Phenomena, and Cerebrospinal Fluid

SECTION D SUMMARY SECTION D KEY TERMS SECTION D REVIEW QUESTIONS CHAPTER 8 CLINICAL TERMS CHAPTER 8 THOUGHT QUESTIONS

Vander et al.: Human I II. Biological Control I 8. Neural Control I I © The McGraw-Hill

Physiology: The Systems Mechanisms Companies, 2001 Mechanism of Body Function, Eighth Edition

In order to coordinate the functions of the trillions of cells of the human body, two control systems exist. One, the endocrine system, is a collection of blood-borne messengers that works slowly, while the other, the nervous system, is a rapid control system. Together they regulate most internal functions and organize and control the activities we know collectively as human behavior. These activities include not only such easily observed acts as smiling and walking but also experiences such as feeling angry, being motivated, having an idea, or remembering a long-past event. Such experiences, which we attribute to the "mind," are related to the integrated activities of nerve cells in as yet unidentified ways.

The various structures of the nervous system are intimately interconnected, but for convenience they are divided into two parts: (1) the central nervous system (CNS), composed of the brain and spinal cord; and (2) the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the nerves, which extend between the brain or spinal cord and the body's muscles, glands, and sense organs (Figure 8-1). For example, branches of the peripheral nervous system go between the base of the spine and the tips of the toes and, although they are not shown in Figure 8-1, between the base of the brain and the internal organs.

In this chapter, we are concerned with the components common to all neural mechanisms: the structure of individual nerve cells, the mechanisms underlying neural function, and the basic organization and major divisions of the nervous system.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • senay
    What is the function of the neural control mechanism?
    8 years ago
  • kristian
    How the neural control mechanism works?
    8 years ago
  • abrha
    Is neural control and nervous control of the body the same?
    8 years ago
  • Lia Bianchi
    What is the neurally control mechanism in order?
    5 years ago
  • iivari
    What is the neurocontrol mechanism?
    3 years ago
  • ARIAM
    What is neuron control mechanism?
    3 years ago
  • CARAMELLA
    How does the neural control mechanisms?
    1 year ago

Post a comment