Spliceosomes remove the noncoding intron-derived segments from a primary RNA transcript and link the exon-derived segments together to form the mRNA molecule that passes through the nuclear pores to the cytosol. The lengths of the intron- and exon-derived segments represent the relative lengths of the base sequences in these regions. [Q] EQ3
Splicing occurs in the nucleus and is performed by a complex of proteins and small nuclear RNAs known as a spliceosome. The spliceosome identifies specific nucleotide sequences at the beginning and end of each intron-derived segment in the primary RNA transcript, removes the segment, and splices the end of one exon-derived segment to the beginning of another to form mRNA with a continuous coding sequence. Moreover, in some cases, during the splicing process the exon-derived segments from a single gene can be spliced together in different sequences, or some exon-derived segments can be deleted entirely. These processes result in the formation of different mRNA sequences from the same gene and give rise, in turn, to proteins with slightly different amino acid sequences.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.