Basic Principles of Electricity

As discussed in Chapter 6, with the exception of water the major chemical substances in the extracellular fluid are sodium and chloride ions, whereas the intracellular fluid contains high concentrations of potassium ions and ionized nondiffusible molecules, particularly proteins, with negatively charged side chains and phosphate compounds. Electrical phenomena resulting from the distribution of these charged

Vander et al.: Human Physiology: The Mechanism of Body Function, Eighth Edition

II. Biological Control Systems

8. Neural Control Mechanisms

© The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2001

Neural Control Mechanisms CHAPTER EIGHT

Neural Control Mechanisms CHAPTER EIGHT

Force

Force increases with the quantity of charge

Force increases with decreasing distance of charge separation

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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