Divergent Plant Sources of Important Classical Herbs

Modern Ayurveda

Ayurveda the Science of Life

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PLANT DRUG ACCEPTED SOURCE

OTHER SOURCES

Agaru Bhaarangi

Bhuunimba Kiraatatikta

Daaruharidraa

Duraalabha/ Dhanvayaasa

Hapushaa/ Havushaa

Jivanti Muurvaa

Aquilaria agallocha (Thymelaeaceae)

Clerodendrum serratum (Verbanaceae)

Swertia chirata (Gentianaceae)

Berberis aristata (Berberidaceae)

Fagonia cretica (Zygophyllaceaea)

Juniperus communis (Pinaceae)

Leptadenia reticulata (Asclepiadaceae)

Marsdenia tenacissima (Asclepiadaceae)

Naagakeshara Mesuaferrea (Clusiaceae)

Paashaanabheda Bergenia ligulata (Saxifragaceae) Substitute: Aerva lanata (Amaranthaceae)

Prasaarini Paederia foetida

(Rubiaceae)

Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla

(Verbenaceae) Substitute: Prunus mahaleb (Rosaceae)

Prishniparni Uraria picta (Fabaceae)

South India: Dysoxylum malabaricum (Meliaceae)

South India: Premna herbacea (Verbanaceae) Bengal: Picrasma quassioides (Simarubaceae)

South India: Andrographis paniculata (Acanthaceae)

South India: Coscinium fenestratum (Menispermaceae)

South India: Tragia involucrata (Euphorbiaceae)

South India: Sphaeranthus indicus (Asteraceae)

South India: Holostemma rheedei (Asclepiadaceae)

South India: Chonemorpha macrophylla (Apocynaceae) Sansevieria roxburghiana (Liliaceae) (IMPCOPS, Chennai)

South India: Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae) Tamil Nadu: Cinnamomum wightii (Lauraceae) and Dillenia pentagyna (Dilleniaceae) fruits

South India: Rotula aquatica (Boraginaceae), Homonoia riparia (Euphorbiaceae) Gujarat: Iris pseudacorus (Iridaceae)

South India: Merremia tridentata (Convolvulaceae) (An altogether different plant)

South India: Callicarpa tomentosa (Verbenaceae); Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Rutaceae); Aglaia roxburghiana fruits (Meliaceae); Myristica malabarica (Myristicaceae) dried flowers (IMPCOPS, Chennai)

South India: Pseudarthria viscida (Fabaceae) Kerala: Desmodium gangeticum (Papilionaceae)

PLANT DRUG ACCEPTED SOURCE

OTHER SOURCES

Raasnaa

Renukaa

Pluchea lanceolata (Asteraceae)

Substitute: Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae)

Vitex agnus-castus (Verbenaceae)

Sahachara

Saarivaa Shveta Saarivaa

Shati

Shankhapushpi

Shringi

Karkatashringi Vidhaari

Barleria prionitis (Acanthaceae)

Hemidesmus indicus (Asclepiadaceae)

Hedychium spicatum (Zingiberaceae)

Convolvulus pluricaulis (Convolvulaceae)

Pistacia integerrima (galls) (Anacardiaceae)

Pueraria tuberosa (Fabaceae)

South India: Alpinia calcarata and Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae) Andhra Pradesh: Dodonaea viscosa (Sapindaceae) Eastern India: Vanda roxburghii (Orchidaceae) Bihar: Lepidagathis trinervis (Acanthaceae) Madhya Pradesh: Blepharispermum subsessile (Compositae)

South India: Vitex altissima, Vitex negundo (Verbenaceae) In South India, fruits of Vitex spp. are sold as Arenuka. Fruits of Piper aurantiacum (Piperaceae) are used as Harenukaa/Renukaa. (IMPCOPS, Chennai.)

South India: Niligirianthus ciliatus, (Acanthaceae) Kerala: Ecbolium viride (Nila Sahachara), Justica betonica (Shveta Sahachara) (Acanthaceae)

South India: Decalepis hamiltonii;

Cryptolepis buchanani (Asclepiadaceae); Ichnocarpus frutescens used as Krishna Saarivaa (Apocynaceae) Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka: Decalepis hamiltonii (Asclepiadaceae)

South India: Kaempeferia galanga, Curcuma zedoaria (Zingiberaceae)

South India: Evolvulus alsinoides, Clitoria ternatea (Convolvulaceae and Fabaceae respectively) Bengal: Canscora decussata (Gentianaceae), Lavandula bipinnata (Labiateae; Lamiaceae)

South India: Rhus semialata galls, Rhus succedanea galls (Anacardiaceae).

South India: Adenia hondala (Passifloraceae); Ipomoeapaniculata (Convolvulaceae); Cycas circinalis (Cycadaceae)

Accepted Sources: Based on Appendix of Ayurvedic Formulary of India, 2003. Other sources: Based on Ayurvedic Drugs and their Plant Sources, V V Sivarajan and Indira Balachandran, 1994; Formulary of Ayurvedic Medicines, IMPCOPS, Chennai, 1987; K. Vasude-van Nair et al., Ancient Sc Life, 5(1): 49-53,1985; Plants ofBhava Prakash and Medicinal Plants used in Ayurveda, Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth, 1999,1998.

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