Acupuncture For Cynics

Acupuncture For Cynics

Have You Always Been Curious About Acupuncture, But Were Never Quite Sure Where To Stick The Needles? If you associate acupuncture with needles, pain and weird alternative medicine then you are horribly misinformed about the benefits of the world's oldest form of medicinal treatment.

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Acupuncture needles

Ancient Japan And Medicine

The line between alternative and complementary medicine may shift over time. An example of this, involving a medical device, is acupuncture. At one time in the USA, acupuncture was viewed as an alternative practice, but it is now used as a complementary treatment. Acupuncture is part of a tradition of ancient Chinese healing practice that inserts needles at specified acupuncture points to redirect and reposition the flow of energy (see Figure 21.1). This practice is used to relieve pain, such as migraine pain or Figure 21.1 Engraving of moxabustion acupuncture being performed, Japan, 1863-1864. Reproduced with permission from the Science Museum Science and Society Library Figure 21.1 Engraving of moxabustion acupuncture being performed, Japan, 1863-1864. Reproduced with permission from the Science Museum Science and Society Library Table 21.2 Acupuncture was until recently considered an alternative medicine. The FDA has now cleared numerous products and brands for use in acupuncture...

Alternative and Complementary Medicine

During the last century, the leading causes of death in industrialized countries gradually shifted from infectious diseases to chronic diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and cancer. In addition to advancing age, these conditions are greatly influenced by life habits and the environment. As a result, many people have begun to consider healing practices from other philosophies and cultures as alternatives and complements to conventional Western medicine. Some of these philosophies include osteopathy, naturopathy, homeopathy, and chiropractic. Techniques of acupuncture, biofeedback, massage, and meditation may also be used, as well as herbal remedies (see Chapter 8) and nutritional counseling on diet, vitamins, and minerals.

Technology assessment databases

The technology assessment program at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) provides technology assessments for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 90 . These technology assessments are used by CMS to inform its national coverage decisions for the Medicare program as well as provide information to Medicare carriers. AHRQ's technology assessment program uses state-of-the-art methodologies for assessing the clinical utility of medical interventions. Technology assessments are based on a systematic review of the literature, along with appropriate qualitative and quantitative methods of synthesizing data from multiple studies. When available, technology assessment topics are linked to corresponding information on the CMS website. Several recent technology assessments were focused on medical devices technologies, such as cardiac catheterization, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), acupuncture, and screening essays for...

Adverse events associated with alternative or complementary devices

There are clear-cut examples of adverse events directly related to the use of the alternative therapy, such as in burns caused by ear candling 22 or pain at an acupuncture site 38 . Known adverse events may be minor and easily reversible, for instance, the reported adverse effect of mild discomfort caused by wearing a magnetic knee sleeve reported in a clinical trial, which was reversed by limiting or discontinuing wear 32 . There is also concern over the potential for adverse interactions between alternative and allopathic devices. Examples of this would be the potential interaction of magnets with insulin pumps 31 or pacemakers 32 .

What Are Ways Of Coping With An Anxious Personality

There are many forms of complementarymedical treatments that some people find very helpful. These include acupuncture, meditation, reflexology, and other types of treatments. There is, however, very little objective scientific evidence that these treatments actually work. If an individual finds a form of complementary medicine that does not involve drug treatment helpful, then this should be encouraged.

Intervertebral Discs in Spinal Pain

Theories for the exact pathophysiology of the pain mechanism abound, but most revolve around pathological tears of the posterior annulus of the disc and mechanical or chemical stimulation of noci-ceptive fibers located in and around the posterior annulus fibrosus and relayed through the sinuvertebral nerve. The present therapy for persistent axial back pain begins with conservative pain management regimens including elements such as rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory agents and analgesics, epidural steroids, chiropractic, and acupuncture. Patients who report persistent and debilitating pain after a 6-month course of conservative measures would be considered to have chronic pain and would be candidates for more aggressive intervention.

Case Study - Medical Terminology - 78 Steps Health Journal

M.G. has managed her disease with meticulous attention to her diet, exercise, preventative health care, regular blood glucose monitoring, and twice-daily injections of regular and NPH insulin, which she rotates among her upper arms, thighs, and abdomen. She continues in a smoking cessation program supported by weekly acupuncture treatments. She maintains good control of her disease in spite of the inconvenience and time it consumes each day. She will be married next summer and would like to start a family. M.G.'s doctor suggested she try an insulin pump to give her more freedom and enhance her quality of life. After intensive training, she has received her pump. It is about the size of a beeper with a thin catheter that she introduces through a needle into her abdominal subcutaneous tissue. She can administer her insulin in a continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and in calculated meal bolus doses. She still has to test her blood for hyperglycemia and hypo-glycemia and her...

Emergency Veterinary Medicine

Most veterinary medicine specialties address physiological aspects such as dentistry, dermatology, radiology, cardiology, orthopedics, nutrition, toxicology, anesthesiology, pharmacology, and ophthalmology. Other specialties concern animals' intellectual and emotional capabilities veterinarians specializing in behavior seek new ways to measure how animals react to stimuli and how to utilize this information to train animals. Some veterinarians also address legal and ethical issues related to veterinary medicine. Others seek alternative veterinary medical techniques through holistic healing, massage, and acupuncture.

Pain control

TENS is used in many centers for pain control, and according to some authorities, it may also be helpful with vasomotor phenomena. Stimulus parameters (frequency, pulse width, and amperage) and site of application must be chosen for tolerability and efficacy. Although stimulation to the site of discomfort is often most efficacious, patients frequently cannnot tolerate this location, and proximal or even contralateral sites may be initially employed. Acupuncture or trigger points have also been used.

Stimulation

Stimulation of the nervous system appears to be an effective method of decreasing some pains. Massage may be temporarily helpful, but electrical stimulation using electrodes on the skin (transcu-taneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)), or in the epidural space (spinal cord stimulation) may enable continued benefit. Acupuncture involves identifying and needling specific points on the body surface according to patterns determined by traditional Chinese medical practice. The stimulation is thought to reinforce intrinsic or natural analgesia.

Procedure

Oviduct Mouse Bursa

The above procedure describes a unilateral implant. This has been seen to be as efficient as bi-lateral implants and has the advantage of being quicker to complete, thus benefiting both the operator and the recipient animal. One alternative to implanting into the infundibulum would be to implant directly into the ampulla, which is an expansion in the oviduct, just distal to the infundibulum (see Fig. 11.3). In this case, a small hole would be placed in the ampulla with an acupuncture needle or a 30 g hypodermic needle, and the embryo transfer pipette placed into the ampulla directly, for the deposit of embryos into the ampulla. This has the advantage that you avoid the potential for a problem with bleeding from the bursa. Also, the ampulla is easier to locate than the infundibulum. The disadvantage may be that some embryos may be lost from the ampulla as, or after, embryos are deposited, particularly if medium volume is not kept to a minimum, because it is possible for implanted...

Epidemiology

The picture is quite different in the developed world, where the carrier rate is generally less than 1 except in ethnic minorities (e.g., Asian immigrants) and in injecting drug users. Perinatal spread is correspondingly less common, and sexual (including homosexual) transmission among adolescents and adults is a significant risk. Percutaneous transmission by iatrogenic invasive procedures represents the most common identifiable mode of spread, with injecting drug users constituting the largest cohort of carriers. Posttransfusion hepatitis B and infection of hemophiliacs by contaminated factor VIII have now almost disappeared as a result of routine screening of blood and organ donors, but hepatitis B can represent a major occupational risk for laboratory workers who are vulnerable to accidental infection by blood spill or needle-stick injury. Less than 1 xl of blood contaminating a syringe or needle can readily transmit hepatitis B from one individual to another. Professionals...